ALLERGIE alimentari nel GATTO come prevenirle e affrontarle con il vet. nutrizionista Valerio Guiggi

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , /

hello MiciGatti and MiceGatte! I propose you in
this video a nice seminar held by the Dr. Valerio Guiggi who is a vet
specialist and expert in nutrition dog and cat and here he talks about them
food allergies of the cat, both a level of possible care, both at the level
prevention, so let’s listen to it with warning! Hi, I’m Valerio Guiggi, vet, I’m a specialist in inspection of food of origin
animal and I deal with the activity professional supply and
cat and dog nutrition. Today we are talking about the cat, they have me
asked to talk about the allergies of the cat, which is an argument
interesting enough, more than anything for cats allergic but in my opinion
also, for what he has got to see, for the purpose more than anything else,
there is also an interesting part for those maybe she has non-allergic kittens because allergies are not. It is not possible this avoid it one hundred percent but it is
possible at least reduce the risk factors they can
lead to the development of an allergy food. As when you have
a food allergy going forward then with life considering that the
cat lives 15-20 years, with a Allergic cat may not be
simple to continue, for a question therapeutic, for a matter of choice
of food, if the allergy is food, also perhaps concurrently with others
pathologies, for example: I have a cat allergic to one
food component, it comes to him a renal failure, go for a do
power that respects both at renal failure than allergy
food can not be simple. Meanwhile, as first thing doing
a general speech not all allergies are
food. A lot of people contact me personally, he tells me I have the cat
scratch, the cat is a little scratching, you do not have to contact me, that I take care of
only nutrition, do not do clinical activity at
moment, so you should not contact me, because I deal with nutrition, before
usually you go to the normal vet, of the surgery, you have a visit
general, in the first case it goes from a dermatologist, because most
of dermatological diseases, they are not of food relevance, they can be
related to fleas, they can be related to bacterial, viral or infections
however to problems that do not concern the power supply,
so first you do the skin tests, observations under the microscope or test
specific to see which one can be pathology, then when it is
excludes the pathology due to a cause not food,
then one begins to think also of the food one,
or you start thinking about other types of allergy type environmental, cats
allergic to a plant, I have a garden, they can manifest for example of the
reactions, like us, in short, if it is one person is allergic to nickel, for
example, can not take in hand cents because to the reaction
allergic, but only on the hands the part that comes in contact with the metal,
so this also applies to the cat. First we go from one diagnosis to another
guy, then going on we move on to a diagnosis
food type, if the vet suspects that the problem is of a nature
food. That said: what is an allergy? an allergy
It is defined as an excessive reaction antigenes for
which normally there should not be the reaction, that is, to antigens that do not
they are pathogenic, this thing means that a molecule (I explain what an antigen is)
a molecule I can find in normally in the environment, like one
plant, I made the example before, or in a food, which to most
cats does not bother you in the organism of some cats comes
considered harmful by their organism e is attacked as if
was harmful and this gives rise to allergic reaction, a reaction
quite complex that ends however with a hyper
vascularization, with symptoms like itch that is absolutely the most
frequent among the symptoms. Not all substances are allergens, in human they are
studies have been done to understand which substances could be recognized
from the immune system, which substances instead they could not be recognized,
they did a few studies and for now we only have the data in medicine
human, they are molecules if I know they have one size over 10,000 daltons, the dalton is the unit of measurement of weight molecular. When these molecules
they are big enough, they can be recognized by the immune system, which
he attacks them. Very small molecules, a lot under this dimension, like
it can be glucose and sucrose, which it is found in sugar or individuals
amino acids once they have been digested by the stomach can not
cause allergy, also because if a cat or dog or a person
became allergic to glucose he would probably die, too
because we always have glucose in it big quantities we like cats
inside the blood at all times, so it would be an exaggerated reaction,
would certainly lead to the death of the cat in no time.
So allergies can come only to quite large antigens.
How does a cat become allergic? we need a repetition, for
what we know because of a day to day the organism goes to
attack a certain molecule that day before he did not attack, he is not yet
seeing why, if it were understood and yes
managed to prevent there would be probably more allergies. They were
identified a number of factors of risk for which a cat can become
allergic to something. Among the factors of for example, we have a risk
repeated stimulation aside of the antigen: if a cat comes in
contact once with a strange animal, a monkey, because someone takes it and
comes in contact with an antigen that is present in the hair of the monkey and not of
other animals, it will hardly become allergic, because there is a contact
quite sporadic, when instead there is a more frequent contact,
repeated, that is, you go to always beat at the same point, with
the same molecules, one of the most cases frequent in cause supply
allergy to chicken, they have always been foods with chicken, croccantini with the
chicken, and in crunchies often there written, meat and derivatives that most
part of the times they hide the chicken, it is much easier than a cat to become
allergic to chicken that way that making a varied diet.
This also applies to allergens environmental, it is much easier than one
cat become allergic to a plant that is present in your own backyard
that’s not a plant that’s not here, because maybe that there are in Sicily
and one lives in Turin, so too this is a risk factor.
Another risk factor is age, it is been seen as 75% of the
allergies are starting to manifest before two years old, then up to two
years is the maximum risk, then later despite cats can
to become allergic even after something, however the risk tends
lower yourself a lot. In addition to this there is one genetic component, unfortunately there are
some races that are genetically more predisposed, attention here must be
always consider that the predisposition is not at
chicken allergy, pig allergy, to the allergy to the plantain, it is an herb that can be present, but there is one
predisposition in developing allergies, for which there is a parent
was allergic, I know, to the chicken, the kitten then develops an allergy to
something else, something different, but the predisposition is for allergy, not for
the allergen, and therefore it is not the substance. A predisposed cat is in
general more at risk from this point of sight. How can you avoid them?
Allergies? One must do one distinction between avoiding the allergy in
how much disease and avoiding the reaction allergic, which are two different things,
because allergy is a predisposition body that has the body, so if a cat is allergic to the chicken and it does not come in
contact with the chicken, is allergic anyway, but it has no symptoms clearly, whereas vice versa when I have it allergic reaction is the time of
contact, the moment to which all is activated the allergy chain and we have i
symptoms, manifestations. Heal from allergies in general apart from avoid them,
so basically prevent them preventing risk factors, ad
example, a power supply can vary the type of feeding that is given, e
do not use the rule that sometimes you hears: “the crispies are fine
those continue to give those always those “is much easier than that in that way one develops
allergy, that even only with i crunchy for those who do not want to pass
to a home-based diet stay with, change from time to time
crunchy, vary, reduce as factors of risk the possibility of developing
allergies, regarding healing
from allergy that’s enough complex, we must first of all be
sure of which allergen, usually it is done with environmental allergies, not with
those food, why of the substances that are found in the environment we usually know what
it is the allergenic molecule, which in the diet it can be more
hard. There are some therapies that are called
self vaccinations, even if the vaccines do not they have a lot to do with it, which basically
inject the allergen into the body of the cat because the immune system
learn to recognize it as not harmful. The logic is that, it does not always work,
when it works however you can get to to heal from allergies with this type of
injections, but they are therapies details that usually do i
fellow dermatologists. Regarding instead of avoiding the
allergic reaction, exactly like it happens in human, if you have a reaction
allergic to dried fruit, they do not have to eat, in the cat is exactly the
same thing: if you are allergic to one component, we know what that is
component, as far as possible we must try to avoid it. Clearly
an allergy to a plant is much more difficult to avoid because if garden
it is that which is not said even if it is removed all the land from the garden and yes
rebuttal, that that plant is not born of new, so it’s much harder
avoid an environmental allergy, and in fact in these
cases is more likely to be suggested also from the colleague at the vet who
it follows that the cat is a therapy symptomatic in the sense to avoid the
reaction are given of the medicines that they lower the reaction, which act on the
chain that develops allergy, while when it is a food allergy it is a
little easier to avoid it because if I can to identify which is the allergen, I can
also to say ok, do not enter into contact
the food, because the food you choose us. We must also pay attention to them: the method
more used, which roughly everyone they know is that of mono foods
proteins, which have one series of critical issues, we must do ourselves
attention, for example there have been various studies that have been done
a little around the world, where they have evaluated with enough techniques
depth that is in the monoproteici, I can say,
to the pig there were chicken contaminations from
bovine, from fish, from other flours because i feed factories so many times are environments
very floury, like i mills, I do not know if you’ve ever seen them,
they are full of these powders, so one contamination even from the hands
of the feed mill operator is not from to exclude,
and this clearly invalidates the therapy, which usually lasts from six
at eight weeks, it is elimination test for
weeks, in which only one is given specific food to that cat for
see if the problem is that, if there is such contamination becomes invalid
everything, there have been cases of crunchy for example where they were
unreported ingredients, they found ingredients that had not been
declared. With the damp it tends to be a a little simpler, because i
ingredients are less than the ingredients that are there in the dry. Self
you go to look at the label of a dry one There are 47 ingredients, while if you go to
look at a wet one there are basically a smaller number, so
the thing is more easily controllable. Otherwise there are the powers of
homemade type: feeds housewives are more easily manageable,
because I decide what I put inside of the cat’s bowl, for which
clearly if one has the chance to prepare, cooked raw, depends on the specific situation for the
own cat, surely there is a better control and
there are no contamination problems, there are no typical problems
of industrial food. Often yes manages to solve with this type of
feeding discovering that then the allergy actually was not in the end
much to the ingredient of crunchy as for the mites that had entered the interior
of the crunches, because the mites are in the environment, they are on the cushions, it is for
what they advertise so much latex mattresses, just because they do not
they are favorable to the development of the mites for people who have problems
of allergy, especially respiratory, I’m a bit ‘in all environments, so
can not be excluded, they found it several times entering the crunches,
especially if the bag stays open and the crunches are nutritious for the cat like
for mites, for which they can enter and mite proteins can do
from allergens rather than. So a sometimes maybe you say wait, change
the, do not put more, then take the pig,
take the lamb, take the fish, or anything else and the allergy does not go away, but then
when passing from the chicken breast maybe cooked in the pan allergy
as if by magic it disappears, because in reality in principle it was not due to
at the food, but it was due to one domestic housewife contamination. another
what you can be wrong with, which can confuse ideas,
it’s cooking, which makes changes to the food and can
change also the so-called structure Quaternary protein, we said
that the allergens are quite large as substances to be
recognized, have one three-dimensional structure, which cooking
can change, it is a hypothesis is not yet has been confirmed but one thinks so
quite certain that the problem is this, that is, cooking can
change the proteins they make from allergens, when you give it the same
food but fresh, with the fact that it was cooked at a lower temperature, because
proteins break down almost denature at different temperatures, just think of
when you make a fried egg albume: it realizes that the albumen
it soon becomes white, the yolk it takes us a bit more, this because
there are different proteins between the albumen and the yolk, this happens
exactly even in cooking: if I I take a chicken breast I put it to
boil, more than 100 degrees not le we will never exceed, because the water evaporates,
so I still have a temperature that is that. With the crunches
higher temperatures are reached: 130-140 degrees for which they can
be changes that in the chest of cooked chicken there may not be.
If I give the raw chicken breast there there are still fewer changes, they can
be allergens even in the raw foods that come then
eliminated from cooking, so they are valid both hypotheses, but there it is necessary
go to deepen. Last thing with which you have to do one
the differences are the intolerances: many use allergies and intolerances like
synonymous, sometimes cats are intolerant, intolerance is one
reaction that is not allergic, that is, not there is an allergen recognition e
an activation of a whole chain after, but it is a group of diseases that we say
it is divided mainly into 4 subtypes, but I’m not going to deepen
Right now. When there are of intolerances means that the
body, or by a known reaction, for example lack of an enzyme, or for one
unknown reaction, which is called idiosyncrasy, ie in which
the mechanism of action was not understood, has adverse effects, towards
particular foods. One of idiosyncrasies more
most represented are for example those for additives: the additives of
usually they are very very small molecules, they would not trigger an allergic reaction
because they are too small to be able to unleash, but can still unleash
of intolerances, so usually yes see these cats that have diarre
constantly, we never pass it. Other substances that may be
involved in this are antibiotics, antibiotic compounds, why for
antibiotics that can be found in foods there is a definite limit,
established by a regulation, but in certain even small quantities, especially
if a cat is particularly subjected at one
reactions to antibiotics, which of it was usually seen by the vet
maybe a few years before, because he gave him an injection of
a particular antibiotic, the cat either turned red, completely
here’s a situation like this can lead to make that much more dose
of antibiotics like those that you can find inside the
foods can trigger, not reaction as big as when he is
been injected, but a lot of reaction weaker, but it causes diarrhea,
so it’s a problem that they tend to resolve until you go to work
a specific analysis of that food, because you must of course at that point
know the antibiotics that are placed in the starting animal species,
in the case go to choose foods that they are free of antibiotics, or for
certification, or who have less chance of having antibiotics,
like the biologicals, which anyway have approved two treatments
pharmacological diseases per year in animals they are subjected to this specification.
So we need to go for one thing very thorough and
basically to make a diagnosis precise and above all to avoid them
reactions need knowledge pretty thorough more
of the animal’s food, it is necessary go and do a lot of hypotheses
specifications and that’s what I recommend always getting help from a vet
how can I be, how they can be also several colleagues who are intended
a lot of both nutrition and also of foods, that foods owe them a little
to know why else you find yourself, as I’ve seen done several times, to give
monoprophanies more or less random, so ok deer no, it does not work, the chicken test,
no it does not work, try the pig, no, not it works, so by force of rotating monoproteics the situation does not resolve never, because the problem was something else
kind for which you have to go a little bit in depth from this point of view. I do not have a precise case in which some
races are more subject, not there I never noticed, I read in
scientific literature and I never have fact that also because
there is personal experience and cats are many, so the breeds of cats are
many, while the cats they turn to a professional who does power
they are relatively few, so I will I can say that maybe I saw one
Siberian and maybe I saw him in one Norwegian, that maybe I saw them in
other races, however, I think I have on purebred cats compared to most
part that then are Europeans, a series of cases so low on the
reactions in the cat, that if I told you I saw her twice in the Siberian
it could be a coincidence, for that that concerns me. I know that there
they are predispositions of race, that there are indications, but if you
reports a personal case not I think it would be reliable
personal ranking that I’ll do you, go and look at the documents
related to the race, a bit ‘in all I find the predisposition in my opinion
to the allergy, I do not remember anyone in which there is no written
predisposition to allergies, and this I personally think it does not depend
so much so that there is one predisposition of race as for the
fact that homemade diets, diets a raw or cooked are coming a little
out now in the cat, up to three or four years ago and enough croccantini, so from
this point of view according to me allergies beat a lot, in short
in my opinion a valid statistic yes manages to do in a few years,
where there is a little more than awareness from the point of view
nutritional, where they also go down one collection of a little more than cats
in relation to breeds of cats and to that point in my opinion you can understand,
those become allergic even if you really give him the chest of
chicken paid 10 euros per kilo, organic, biodynamic, bioenergetic, then that
race maybe is more predisposed, for now there is not one
a big base to say that race rather than the other. Then
from a general point of view I can say that the crunchies in the cat would go
avoided, if one must use the industrial better the wet, in general,
this not just for an allergy talk, but also for a speech kidneys, bladder,
especially low urinary tract. When they have the crunches sooner or later some
calculate touches him. Of course there they are also cats
which are not then subjected to struvite rather than to urolithiasis
other type, but in general I saw that when cats have eaten throughout
the life the crispies generally problem
low urinary tract touch them sooner or later, which is why they are more
I certainly incline to prefer the wet, if then one has the possibility to prepare them
of cat food, so much the better, because the ingredients you choose, in the sense,
but if one does not have the possibility however it is always to be preferred
the wet, the cat is an animal that does not he drinks, in the damp water he finds it, in the
crunchy no, so all the problems that even human doctors tell us: drink
you drink so much because the water is important, they catch up,
they apply to the cat, they are exactly the same, if a person drinks little
has kidney and bladder problems, if a cat drinks little has kidney problems, has
bladder problem, it is a given enough in fact, all there is a bit of water
for cats it’s ok, in my opinion, it is definitely better than what
it has no water, the biscuits are not ideal for cats, then also from the point of
view of economic, right for talk about it,
it is not that they are so much, an account It’s a big dog, big guy like a cow, so there’s another story, because he eats so much, but a cat that
eat relatively little, take 70 grams of crisps a day or gives 200 of wet, we are there, you spend a a little more, but it is an investment of
those 20-30 euros a month that make you feel good the cat, in my opinion, so
then it is always better dry and moist than only dry, from the point of view
strictly nutritional, it is the diet mixed,
I know that on the internet you read “it is wrong mix dry and wet
why does it come … “I’m stupid, they are stupid, if it is
invented someone and keep turning on the internet, on groups, whatever, continues to run on groups, you read it
on the internet, it’s not true, there’s no basis scientific that says of this thing, indeed
if you mix, how do you do it for we are better from the point of view
nutritional, for sure it is an advantage. I thank Dr. Valerio Guiggi, I remind you that
you can find it also in the facebook group of micioGatto if you want to make some
questions about feeding the cat, i I will also report the questions you want
do below in the comments to the video e I invite you to also look at his channel
youtube where there are many many videos on feeding the dog and the cat!
for today it’s all a big kiss bye MiciGatti and MiceGatte!

One thought on “ALLERGIE alimentari nel GATTO come prevenirle e affrontarle con il vet. nutrizionista Valerio Guiggi

  1. io vi sono grata di questo video, possiedo 2 maine coon di cui uno intollerante con fenomeni di feci molli quando mangia tonno umido mi piacerebbe tanto consultare il dott guiggi e magari passare a visita cerchero’ di contattarlo su fb grazie mille

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