Hi, I’m Dr. Shelly Flais with important information for parents about allergies and infants. Severe allergic reactions are rare in young babies, but they can happen. Being prepared and knowing the signs of an allergic reaction can save a child’s life. As a pediatrician, I often counsel families on the importance of recognizing a severe allergic reaction. As a mom, I know this too well. As two of my four kids have severe food allergies. I’ve learned professionally and personally that a rapid response is important. There are lots of things that can cause an allergic reaction. Foods, insect bites or stings, and even some medicines. But since babies can’t tell us what they are feeling, be aware of any of the following symptoms. Especially if they appear suddenly. It could be a severe allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. Symptoms of anaphylaxis include: Skin changes including hives. Which look like mosquito bites. A rash or swelling of the lips or tongue. Vomiting or diarrhea. Coughing or wheezing. Irritability, fussiness or inconsolable crying. Sudden drooling. And even unusual sleepiness. Anaphylaxis is an emergency. Stay calm and call 9-1-1. The main medicine to treat anaphylaxis is called epinephrine. It’s given by an injection in the thigh. This will not hurt your baby, but will help relieve the allergic reaction quickly. Depending on how severe the reaction, your baby may need to spend time in the hospital. If your baby is diagnosed with an allergy and is at risk for anaphylaxis, it’s very important to always have an epinephrine injector on hand. In case of another reaction. Epinephrine injectors are available for use in infants, and are not difficult to use. Be sure anyone who cares for your baby also knows how to use it and is aware of the signs of an allergic reaction. If you have any questions about your baby’s health, talk with your pediatrician and visit healthychildren.org.