Ask a Doctor: Different Risks, Medications for High Cholesterol
25
September

By Adem Lewis / in , , , /


♪ Kristine: WELCOME BACK. EVERY THURSDAY WE’RE TAKING A LOOK AT A HEALTH ISSUE OR CONCERN AFFECTING MANY PEOPLE. BREAKING DOWN THE INFORMATION FOR YOU AND TELLING YOU WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW TO KEEP YOU HEALTHY. DR.~BRADY FROM THE JOHN A. BURNS SCHOOL OF MEDICINE JOINS US NOW. THIS WEEK’S TOPIC IS A CONTINUATION FROM LAST WEEK. WE WANT TO GET IMPORTANT TIPS. RIGHT. Kristine: WE’RE GOING TO CONTINUE OUR CONVERSATION OF HIGH CHOLESTEROL. WHAT IS IT. HIGH CHOLESTEROL IS A MOLECULE IN THE BLOOD THAT BASICALLY DEPOSITS IN THE ARTERIES AND CAUSES CLOGGED ARTERIES. HEART ART ARTERIES, BRAIN ARTERIES. Kristine: THERE ARE DIFFERENT TYPES OF LIE CHOLESTEROL. THERE ARE. THERE ARE HDL, SO WHAT YOU CAN REMEMBER EASILY IS HDL, YOU WANT HIGH. LDL, LARGER CHOLESTEROL THAT STANDS FOR LOW DENSITY AND THAT’S THE BAD ONE. THE WAY TO REMEMBER THAT IS YOU WANT A LOW LDL. SO HDL HIGH PROTECTIVE. DLD — LDL, IF IT RAISES, IT’S BAD. THERE ARE MORE AMERICANS THAT HAVE HIGH CHOLESTEROL THAN HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE. IT’S A MAJOR RISK FACTOR FOR HEART DISEASE. UNLESS YOU TEST YOUR HDL AND LDL, YOU WON’T KNOW WHAT THEY ARE. YOU’RE DEPOSITING THAT PLAQUE AND CAUSING RISK FOR HEART DISEASE AND OTHER DISEASES SILENTLY YEAR AFTER YEAR. IT DOESN’T AFFECT JUST A CERTAIN DEMOGRAPHIC. YOUNGER PEOPLE CAN HAVE HIGH CHOLESTEROL. THEY CAN HELP BY HAVING A BETTER DIET. BUT THERE’S MEDICATIONS THAT CAN HELP. THERE ARE MEDICATIONS AND THEY’RE ALMOST WONDER DRUGS. EARLY MEDICATION WAS A RESIN THAT BINDS CHOLESTEROL IN THE GUT. AND IT’S MODERATELY EFFECTIVE. BUT AMAZINGLY, THE STATENS, HMG INHIBIT TORS AS WE CALL THEM, BUT THEY’RE KNOWN AS THE STATENS HAVE REMARKABLY FEW SIDE EFFECTS LIKE THIS ONE. LIPOR, AND THEY HAVE WONDERFUL BENEFITS IN DROPPING THAT LDL INTO SAFE LEVELS. Kristine: A LOT OF PEOPLE USE THEM. ABSOLUTELY. LDL GOAL IS UNDER A HUNDRED. WITH STATENS YOU CAN GET IT. AND THAT WAY YOU CAN PREVENT YOUR HEART ATTACK WITH STATENS BY CONTROLLING YOUR CHOLESTEROL. THERE ARE SYNBA, ROSUVASTATEN, WHICH IS THE BIG POWER ONE. THESE MEDICATIONS ARE GREAT. IF YOU HAVE PROBLEMS WITH MUSCLE ACHES OR LIVE INFLAMMATION, THE DOCTOR WILL BE TESTING YOUR BLOOD TO FIND OUT IF THERE ARE SIDE EFFECTS OF THE STATEN, AND THERE’S AN ALTERNATIVE CALLED ZEDI RA.A. IT CAN BE USED IN CONJUNCTION OR INSTEAD OF STATEN. Kristine: IF THEY DON’T WANT TO TAKE MEDICATION, WHAT SHOULD THEY EAT AND WHAT SHOULD THEY STAY AWAY FROM IS. STAY AAFROM A– AWAY FROM TWO THINGS. ALL THE SHELLFISH ARE HIGH IN CHOLESTEROL. SHRIMP, CRASH — CRAB, LOBSTER. CUT BACK ON THE CHOLESTEROL CONTAINING FOODS AND LOW STAT RATED SPAT. FAT. SO SPAM, SAUSAGE, BACON, ALL THE PREPARED MEATS ARE HIGH IN SATURATED FAT. CERTAINLY CHEESES LIKE CHEDDAR ARE ALSO HIGH IN FAT. SATURATED FAT. Kristine: YOU’LL BE HERE NEXT THURSDAY.


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