Asthma -Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Management,Treatment & Pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , /

asthma is a common lung condition that
causes occasional breathing difficulties it affects people of all ages and often
starts in childhood although it can also appear for the first time in adults
there’s currently no cure for asthma but there are simple treatments that can
help keep the symptoms under control so it doesn’t have a significant impact on
your life some people particularly children may eventually grow out of
asthma but for others it’s a lifelong condition hey guys I’m dr. John and
today I’m going to show you asthma is a common lung condition that
causes occasional breathing difficulties symptoms of asthma the main symptoms of
asthma are wheezing a whistling sound when breathing breathlessness a type
chest which may feel like a band is tightening around it coughing the
severity of the symptoms varies from person to person they usually come and
go but for some people they’re more persistent asthma symptoms can sometimes
get temporarily worse this is known as an asthma attack when to get medical
advice see your GP if you think you or your child may have asthma several
conditions can cause similar symptoms such as a chest infection or chronic
obstructive pulmonary disease COPD so it’s important to get a proper diagnosis
and correct treatment your GP will usually be able to diagnose asthma by
asking about your or your child’s symptoms and carrying out some simple
breathing tests but these are often difficult to do in infants and young
children so the diagnosis may be made on the basis of symptoms and response to a
trial of treatment with an inhaler causes of asthma asthma is caused by
inflammation swelling of the breathing tubes that carry air in and out of the
lungs this inflammation makes the breathing tubes highly sensitive so they
temporarily become narrow this may occur randomly or
after exposure to a trigger the tubes may also sometimes become clogged with
sticky mucus common asthma triggers include allergens such as house dust
mites animal fur and pollens other irritants such as cigarette smoke strong
smells gases and cold air exercise chest infections the reason why some people
develop asthma isn’t fully understood although it’s known that you’re more
likely to develop it if you have a close relative with the condition read more
about the causes of asthma treatments for asthma
while there’s currently no cure for asthma there are a number of treatments
that can help control the condition most asthma treatments are taken using an
inhaler a small device that delivers a spray or powder medicine to your
breathing tubes as you breathe in the main treatments are identifying and
avoiding asthma triggers if possible reliever inhalers inhalers use when
needed to quickly relieve asthma symptoms for a short time preventer
inhalers and hitters used regularly every day to reduce the inflammation in
the breathing tubes which prevents asthma symptoms occurring you’ll usually
draw up a personal action plan with your doctor or asthma nurse this will include
information about your medicines how to monitor your condition and what to do if
you have an asthma attack how long does asthma last asthma is a
long-term condition for many people particularly if it first develops in
adulthood in children it’s sometimes disappears or improves during the
teenage years although it can return later in life the symptoms can usually
be controlled with treatment and most people will have normal and active lives
although some people with more severe asthma may have persistent problems
complications of asthma although asthma can normally be kept
under control it’s still a serious condition
that can cause the number of complications this is why it’s so
important to follow your treatment plan and not ignore your symptoms if they’re
getting worse badly controlled asthma can cause issues such as persistent
tiredness underperformance or absence from a school psychological problems
including stress anxiety and depression disruption of your work and leisure
because of unexpected visits to your GP or hospital lung infections pneumonia in
children delays in growth or puberty there’s also a risk of life-threatening
complications such as severe asthma attacks thank you for watching for more
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