Biosecurity measures that are often neglected – Jean-Pierre Vaillancourt – Iowa Swine Day 2019
02
September

By Adem Lewis / in , , /


thank you I’m it’s not obvious in which
Kristen said but I I’ve got swine background as well I’ve been doing
poultry for about a quarter of a century but my advisor in Minnesota was Al Leman
as well as Gary Dialed and Will Marsh so if you know these names you know they’re
in the swine business so I’m very pleased to be here in Ames my topic is
not as sexy as the first two speakers and I also didn’t occur to me to put
pictures of naked women as well but you know it’s in in biosecurity I could
probably come up with something with shower and shower health facility so
we’ll see if I cannot grab your attention for the entire talk I’ll start
with basic stuff I want to a stress which is basically that biosecurity
principles and when we do the measures we do in a 21st century we’ve been doing
that for hundreds of years okay going back thousands of years so we have not
invented anything but the reason why we’ve been doing that for so many years
and it’s been working it’s because it’s scientifically sound but we forget often
to consider that for example disinfectants we have good products out
there but often we don’t consider the contact time that’s needed for the
product to actually work regional biosecurity it’s a big deal when you
have big farms all in a small region it’s not the same thing as when you have
smaller facilities and and we have data on that but we neglect that and the main
point is compliance we know what to do that doesn’t mean we do it and I’ve got
data to show you on this finally on foreign buyer securities are
certainly essential but it’s not enough we need to go regional you’ll see what I
mean by that so to start with going way back
if you look at the Bible you’re going to find in them and there a lot of the
bio-secure security principles and measures that we need to apply
essentially the context is different but the principles remain the same and
throughout history we had situations what like the plague where they didn’t
know what was hitting them but they pretty quickly figured out how to try to
prevent it there lay the lad the latest major plague has been AIDS and for those
of you old enough I just celebrated the 21st anniversary of my 39th year so I
was pretty much in it when aids hit and back then we didn’t know what it was but
we figured out very quickly how to prevent it unfortunately as you know
although we knew how to do it and even today a lot of people are still not
applying the control measures to prevent this disease so what are these
principles that are a constant throughout history for on-farm
biosecurity there’s – okay I challenge you to find a measure of
biosecurity that does not have something to do with reducing the contaminant
reducing the source of contamination or separating the healthy animals from the
source of contamination that’s it okay well they’ll talk about internal
biosecurity external biosecurity bio containment all these things it’s nice
but at the end of the day all we’re trying to do whatever the site is to
reduce the amount of potentially contaminated material or animal or
equipment and to separate it from healthy animals in the 15th century they
actually they actually came up with when people at leprosy with what they called
a massive separation okay not now but later google it you’re going to see that
in two paragraphs and you have an ancient text
where all the measures that we need to apply on farms are there they explained
to the individual it was affected you know how to go and get water without
contaminating the water for others they explained how to stay away they even say
if people question you and you’re in the prevailing winds you know make sure the
wind does not go from you to them this was 15th century okay so we’ve
known for a long time how to prevent diseases and the third principle of
course is communication and that’s a challenge because we have bigger farms
we may have a smaller herd overall that was mentioned this morning but we are
and we are more efficient bigger facilities and these facilities are very
close to one another that changes the game okay and so we need to take it to
realize that we have plenty of data on this as you can see there this is data
mainly about poultry but there’s one pers on swine whatever even bacterias
are more likely to be an issue if you have proximity between two sites so we
have the odds ratio there two more times more chances for salmonella Newcastle in
poultry ecoli six times more at risk if you’re within a kilometre from an
infected site we have plenty of information on this and it’s nothing new
Goodwin in 85 that’s 20th century stuff okay looked at mycoplasma infection in
pigs and said that two risk factors associated with reinfection
it’s where the farm is and the size of the neighbor so what have we done since
1985 we’ve increased the size of the neighbor and we got closer to the
neighbor essentially that doesn’t mean that it’s it’s not financially a good
thing to do overall but what it means is that we need to look at biosecurity
a bit differently because we have a changed environment the animals are not
the same and we’ve changed not only climate is
changing a lot of things are changing but essentially what we’ve been doing is
increasing the infection pressure per square miles essentially we have more
you have the wind of course a lot of people like to think that it’s the wind
that brought the disease on their farm but that’s not often always the case the
fact is if you have a big regional high regional density then you have more
insects you have more animals so you have more wildlife you have more people
more equipment all that is increasing what we call the infection pressure if
you want to see the ultimate well go to China okay that’s a swine farm in China
and I mainly go there for poultry their poultry farms can be much bigger than
this okay there’s one that I saw that had 37 commercial buildings on the same
site so I know that in Iowa you’ve got six million bird operations and stuff
like that they go way past that but you would think well if they do this they
both know what they’re doing and on top of that they certainly must apply good
biosecurity and and apply what we know about things like disinfectants for
example well I’m a bit concerned there I was a speaker last year at the lemon
china conference to get access to the site okay we had to go through a tunnel
it was about a 60-foot tunnel and we were obviously being fumigated so I
asked what it was there were two products and there one I did not
recognize the other one was literal dehyde okay III guess you know y’all we
all need to die of something but but I mean this is not going to do it as
far as these infecting people or even equipment over a 60-foot walk so and
I’ve seen other things there that explains a little bit why China has been
a reservoir for a lot of pathogens and as you know in poultry in our case
there’s a source a big source of avian influenza now we know the risk factors
this is results from a small study in Quebec where I come from and where they
look at pers and basically what you see there is heat producing unit essentially
the size of the farm they’re bigger the size of the farm the greater the risk
ten times more at-risk distance between closest pig site well seven times more
at risk if you’re within 2.5 kilometres no shower at entrance so no pictures to
show next time I suppose but eight nine times more at risk and access to the
rendering truck rendering is not a bad thing per se renderers would do a good
job do what they can but they’re coming from different sites I’ve worked in
France I actually have consult in 26 countries and in France a renderer goes
on 44 sites per day and they have no idea what they may bring to another site
as a matter of fact you don’t know what may be in it when you go to a rendering
container look at this this is obviously a picture from Canada because what you
have in there is the head of a moose you know how did it get there we don’t know
and that’s the point we don’t often know when we go to a site to a place if we’re
exposed to anything that could eventually spread elsewhere but
rendering whether in poultry or inand swine has been a known risk factor so
what we’re trying to do of course is to try to prevent any of these bugs to make
it to the animal on the animals so that’s why we have
this shower in shower outside facility or at least a three zone entrance right
a classic one where the key point here is that you decontaminate your hands in
the mids own because I go on many farms and swine and poultry where you made the
contaminate your hands but after you put on the boots from the farms or the
coveralls from the farm it’s too late okay there the purpose of the middle
zone is for hand decontamination and also to bring a distance separation
again is separation between the outside and the inside we often see this as a
problem a lot of growers technicians veterinarians they don’t fully either
understand or or apply that concept of separation so technically even if you
just have a line you should be able to go from potentially contaminated boots
changing the boots as you go over the line and have non-contaminated boots
this way you have no contamination what we see whatever the country and I’ve
spent 13 years in the United States I’ve seen it to hear you’re not worse than
anywhere else but you’re not that much better either I’m sorry but as the
waiters is that people will actually put like plastic boots on the contaminated
side I see that in vet school quite a bit where they cover their shoes with a
plastic boot and then they put their foot back where they were so this way if
there was contamination here you bring it you’re essentially this is bringing
contamination on the other side even if you do then a very nice jump over that
line okay and then some would actually go straight on the clean side or what we
call the clean side where the animals are and then they will change boots and
you have contamination I wanted to see how real that was and you know there’s
some people that will come with a powder that will glow in the dark and stuff
like that but I wanted to do better than this so I
asked a colleague to produce bacteria that could glow in the dark and using
bioluminescence ATP bioluminescence he did and so basically we recreated a
contaminated environment we did a change of boots that would be appropriate and
you can see there’s no light here but if you have use you put your foot back
there before you go across the line you get contamination and with the bacterial
this was the worst when you do it this way and two-thirds of the time this is
what we see the French just got hit with 485 outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian
influenza and have been on several farms and three-quarters of the growers
actually do that and so an over ten meters about ten yards that
contamination keeps going it’s not really going down much here is less
contamination if you change once you’re in the clean side but we could find
contaminants all the way for about ten yards of course when you don’t change
boots at all then you’ve got a contamination all the
way through the empty room all the way to where the animals are with no
dilution effect we also looked at a proxy for a virus at t4 bacteriophage
and basically here you have control clean with a proper change of boots so
the boots are contaminated but there’s a good change of boots and bang it goes
down to zero here now what you have here is essentially a first step in this case
the boots were put in the clean area and with the bacterias that was not as bad
as changing the boots in the dirty area but for the viruses it seemed to be a
high level contamination there but after that you see a drop but the
contamination keeps going as people walked through the anteroom and
of course overall a lot less contamination than if you don’t you
don’t change boots which is something we unfortunately see so basically this is
work week include changing boots the wrong way will reduce contamination but
this certainly does not eliminate it some people would say well you know then
all you need to do is you add a footpath ya know so if you messed up a little bit
you go through a footpath and there you go except that in reality footpath
actually increase contamination when you go through a footpath under commercial
conditions this is what you do okay we have Studies on that okay Cindy Amos did
a good study and here’s some of the article there and basically she said
well you know based on what we looked at unless you scrub the boots remove
everything visible so that you have like like a boot that looked like it’s brand
new then you would have to soak the boot for at least depending on the product
here talk about five minutes then you achieve disinfection
okay now I raise your hand those of you do that no not even generations II
wouldn’t would could be ya know anyway you know the point here is we knew that
long time ago here’s guidelines from Hawaii
oh I is the animal world health organization they still have guidelines
like this where they say well you know use a foot bath as long as you can soak
your boot for a few minutes if you don’t well at least it’s a reminder that
biosecurity is important I mean that’s correct to me I mean you know if it’s
worthless actually worse than worthless we have in poultry Bob Owen when on
poultry did a study on poultry farms and so kind of regular conditions and look
at phenols being used in foot baths quarterly ammonium and
and these are good products if they’re used properly see but we neglect the
science aspect of it and after three hours actually look they increased the
bacterial count if you use these foot baths after three hours there we always
say change it daily or when you feel it’s appropriate and all that well you
know daily won’t cut it okay water is actually a bit not as bad
so now some people have an emotional attachment to food that I’ve discovered
that serious and that would not be Generation Z that would be my kind of
people who have been changing for bats for 30 or 40 years and they say we own
this we hear you we see your data but but you know if we stop doing this it’s
like they are denying everything we’ve done for the past decades and so I say
well I’ll go I’ve got an alternative you know try dry foot baths
okay because if you look at phenols and quaternary ammonium this is another
study that was done by Owen then and basically changed in bacterial count you
know was not great actually a bit of a reduction here but it’s nothing
you go from several billion pathogens to a few billion pathogens you know and
here you have an increase and a residual life less than two hours at least the
dry bleach seemed to reduce a bit you don’t have to change it daily and and
basically I think it’s mainly the coating effect on the boot that would be
useful now there’s a study that was done on influenza virus after all the
problems you had in United States are that we’ve had in the world and they
look at whether the virus and influenza virus that would be put on a boot that
has like organic material if you go through a foot bath with good products
look at that quarter ammonia Zerelda high that’s one heck of a good
combination and basically right there a fresh
solution you at time zero forget about a day or two or three laters yes you know
can we isolate the virus after people I’ve gone through the foot baths and the
answer is yes okay but they could not do it with a dry bleach so that doesn’t
mean that it’s perfect but I say if you really feel you need to have a foot bath
well try to go with dry bleach and another thing is try to respect the
principle of separation because essentially a foot bath should be a bit
like the shower right the difference between this setup and a foot bath is
that here you’re going to walk through the foot bath from one zone to the other
zone I’ve got a great collection from many countries I just put a few there
where it’s impossible to do that you know it’s in the corner and and this is
not a good product I can tell you all right look at this how can you go
forward there’s a fence okay now my favorite is Cameroon right here does
that remind you of anything look at this you know you see that in Catholic
churches at the very least I’ve got more faith in this than in that okay
seriously I mean the principle is simple keep things separate if you have to step
in something and go backwards you even have not accomplished anything anything
and that brings me to the problem with compliance okay people are people and if
we can get around something we will okay and and that is not necessarily just
cultural there’s a some cultural thing I mean I’ve seen amazing stuff in France
you really need to go and visit that place not just for you know what they
have to offer but they have a mosaic of of productions and they do things pretty
weird for example in the southwest of France 60% of the commercial poultry
operations have backyard flocks on site think about that it’s as if you would
have somebody bringing a few pigs when I was where on your farm and just
for you know because it’s cool now look at this we’re not talking high-tech
stuff this is a North Carolina we had problems with mycoplasma Gallo septic um
so I did something very simple I went to see people who had the problem I asked
them for example well do you offer coveralls for visitors okay and I just
went to a neighboring farm within two miles that had basically birds at risk
as well and I said well do you offer coveralls and look at the difference
sixty-five percent said no for those who had the problem versus twelve percent
for the farms that didn’t get the problem we’re not talking high-techs so
I think so and I’ve seen that I’ve done research on this in knighted States in
Canada in France in Mexico always with the same results and I wanted to go
further and really see how far you know the second speaker was talking about the
tribe okay well do we have a tribe attitude do we do things differently in
the industry and so I I designed a project where we would film people
getting in in the anteroom and getting into where the animals are and when I
went to the you know ethic committee they’d say well you can film people but
you have to tell them and I said that’s that’s not really what I want they say
well you need to do that but they say you know you could you could basically
set up a bogus camera if you want to where the animals are for example that’s
not you don’t care about that and and you tell them that they’re going to be
filmed and yeah and you know they may assume that they’re going to be filmed
by this camera and you just filmed them with another camera a hidden camera I
said that cynical they said yes so this is cool so so what I did is we contacted
a technician from the Canadian Secret Service because we have a
as well and and this guy actually you got there you see here this is a
wide-angle camera that’s activated if there’s any movement it actually looks
like a screw we have four screws then it looks identical okay except that one is
a wide-angle camera and you can record and and see what is going on so we did
that we basically had a control group with no intervention we had a nodded
group we did three audits over six months and we you know we monitored two
weeks at first and then six months later in other two weeks we do that we had
posters and all that a you’re not having a stroke it’s gonna read this is because
it’s in French okay but and then we have visible camera where he had a visible
camera as people would get in we had a big sign saying you’re being filmed okay
follow the procedures here are the measures alright and we did that two
weeks and then six months later and for the control group this is what we got
about half of the times the change of boots was done right logbook assigned
only a third of the time coveralls a little bit better
hand washing 36% then the reason why we hit 36% is because 20% of the employees
were women okay if we would have had only men we would have reached maybe 20
22 percent all right men don’t wash their hands unless somebody else is
there go to a public bathroom okay and you’ll see us all washing our hands but
that’s because there’s somebody else in there as soon as there’s nobody most men
just won’t wash their hands I mean that’s a fact okay
overall compliance 35% now you know you may be thinking well you know this is a
study done up north in a place where they talk funny that doesn’t apply to us
well we had the same results no matter the country
and even in human medicine they have a big issue this is data about compliance
going from 100% to zero number of months and this is regarding people’s health
you know people have diabetes have hypertension have asthma
basically they may die if they don’t follow what they’re being told by the
doctors and look at the drop in compliance after a few months okay
that’s why you know people are people whether they are in the street or on a
farm and that’s a big issue overall we had at first an impact with their camera
but not at the end it went down that’s why a reality TV works when you see
people doing stupid things on TV it’s because they forget that they’re being
watch that the audit didn’t work here what all it shows is that being audited
by a veterinary student doesn’t work okay
I’m not saying that audits are not good but it has to be done by people who have
some kind of authority and you look at the control group here we had put a
poster with the measures that was the only intervention that maybe a bit of an
impact but we are around 30 25 30 percent compliance you cannot control
diseases with this kind of situation there’s a lot I could show you I’m going
to limit myself to just one two more slides
buuut changing visible camera at first yes not after duration of visit that’s
interesting the reference here does odds ratio okay the more it goes this way the
more people are complying like here if the visit is over 54 minutes mainly at
first it would be over 30 times more at risk of complying okay of doing things
right and so you see that the longer the visit the more people will comply the
reference is a visit that’s less than five minutes and so I don’t know if is
people are thinking well if I’m going in and out rapidly maybe the bugs won’t
figure it out or maybe they’re just saying well you
know it’s not worth doing all this change washing hands into oil because
I’m just coming in and then coming out but obviously contamination can occur
presence of an observer that’s interesting because we always assume
that if somebody else like in the public bathroom you would have a greater
compliance we’ve been working with an industrial psychologist we told us well
here’s the thing if you have an employee trained to follow people visitors
monitor them and explain to them the rules yes you’re going to get much
greater compliance but if the person is not trained and it’s just being asked to
be with the other individual what you have here is a social interaction okay
and let’s say that primaries are going on in Iowa and I won’t got political but
obviously the person does not agree with you you start talking about that you’re
going to forget washing your hands or stuff like that okay because you are
involved with the social interaction and and the other thing I want to stress is
regarding respecting the different zones okay the longer the visit the lower the
respect you see the odds ratio becomes negative okay so obviously the longer
you stay there the more likely eventually there will be a lack of a
breach of the respect for these two zone at the different zones and growers
family we found that a lot of the people not really working this early on the
farm but members of the family would basically not comply the other thing is
we had 250 people or 24 farms about 250 people we monitored 3,000 entries and
exits 11 of these people we’re done work now were not known by anybody okay
because we would do a freeze-frame the grower knew we were doing this okay
so we needed the appropriate the approval so the way we knew if we were
talking about a technician or family members stuff like that is that we would
show the image the freeze-frame of the individual and the grower which would
tell when that’s my wife that’s my son stuff like that and 11-time is like no
idea okay so no so why do we behave like this well essentially there’s a litany
of reasons for it lack of knowledge is a big one you should never underestimate
it in North Carolina we invited workers from a breed of farm to talk to them
about security and one guy came to us and says well thank you was as I’ve been
here 15 years and nobody has ever talked to me so I said in 15 years have been
working on a berry farm and nobody talked to about security says no no
nobody has to talk to me so for example they told us come tonight at the the
main office we thought we might get fired okay we were not even told why we
were supposed to be here tonight and you’ll see a 5-time you know it’s a key
thing here adults want to know why we ask them to do something and so they
didn’t know about disease transmission vertical horizontal concepts like that
they had no idea there’s of course economic constraints and and the lack of
training goes with lack of knowledge lack of incentives had time well so a
few things like that on that but then difficulty to apply suggested measures I
have data I don’t have time to show on this this is an extreme case where you
have the entrance and you have a line and you have the two zones now unless
you work for the Sicily there’s no way you can do things properly mainly if
there’s somebody else with you this is another slide showing that you need even
imagination to see the separation between the two zones so that’s a big
deal if it’s easy to do something we tend to do it if it’s complicated
doesn’t seem to make sense then we want it believes attitude education
experience we have a lot of data on that I’ll mention a bit about personality
because people’s personality is associated with biosecurity come
can’t what can we do to increase that well the first thing is getting buy-in
you need to get people even employees at the lower level to contribute to the
program you need to train them provide them with incentives there are a
negative incentives like you’re fired but you can have positive incentives and
it does not have to be money all the time it has to be realistic of course it
hasn’t I mentioned has to be easy to do if you can put markers so that you can
verify that’s even better and we need to use technology I want to stress here
that a big issue is that of communication with all the employees on
a farm between company management the service people the vets all these
individuals and the people on the farm there’s got to be an element of trust
going on and and that’s what I call the main axis
of engagement and we should not forget the utilities companies in North
Carolina we had a situation where a company was subcontracting Reeder
meter meter readers and and they change the company didn’t tell anybody and
overnight we had a bunch of people going on farms to read meters and they
basically had not been trained at all when it comes to biosecurity and they
were going farm to farm communication is a big issue Stephen Covey in 2003 was
participating in a Leadership Forum at NC State they’re called that huge
Shelton Leadership Forum general Shelton was a joint chief of staff I think under
Clinton Bush 43 and a and he basically had this Leadership Forum and Stephen
Covey was saying you know we’ve been talking to a lot of companies and did
studies and we realize that in a company the upper management will communicate to
other people in the company 1% of what is communicated will trickle down to
about 3% of being accepted or acted upon and stuff like that so
what’s going on well he said when we asked employees if the objectives of the
company were clearly stated 42 percent said yes they asked is their commitment
by upper management to achieve the objectives of well one in five said yes
do you feel the company has the discipline to achieve the objectives
half of them said yes do it are they in enablers to allow you to to help you
achieve the objectives one in 10 said yes
is there a collaborative culture collaboration culture out there in your
company one in three said yes trust one in three and accountability and that’s
interesting one in two said yeah we’d be accountable if I don’t reach certain
goals of stuff like that I was involved in a study where we look at infectious
disease situation and we asked the employees if I could prove that you’re
the cause of the virus security breach and it’s because of you that we have
this problem what what happened to you one in two said I don’t know I thought
was remarkable okay so whether it’s a GM or it’s a Solano poultry company I think
there’s some similarities and and and and if you don’t have good communication
it becomes a big problem because when it comes to compliance one thing we know is
that people who are at the bottom the people shoveling manure doing like like
the most basic jobs on a farm they tend to consider themselves as so not
important that if they don’t follow the rules it may not have much of an impact
they’re not important okay they’re being basically told you’re not that important
right you’re not as important as a CEO but in terms of our security these
people are very important so they need to be trained and when we talk about
training we’re training adults nobody hears a child
nobody everything I’ve been saying from the beginning is you’ve been looking at
your own experience to compare what I’m saying to determine whether you agree or
you think I’m full of it’s it’s that’s how it works when
you’re an adult I’m going to stress only three points here you need to know why
you’re being asked to do something you you will use your past experience to
challenge what’s being told to you and you need to know that as you age you get
a bit slower up there okay but I’ve got a daughters of psychologists it keeps
reminding me this it’s actually on my birthday on the 24th and but the good
news is although you’re a bit slower as far as learning you actually can
integrate better more complex things because of your experience and that’s
why older people can still be very effective compared to a child because
you know even if we don’t learn as quickly we can integrate knowledge
better now I said we talked about personality traits we looked into that
banks when they hire some people they when they hire anybody they will have
these people take a test to figure out who should be in contact with the cash
who should have a different type of work in the bank
the idea is not to fire anybody the idea is to figure out where they would best
fit in the organization and so we looked into it and there’s about 25 personality
traits and that has nothing to do with culture okay whether you’re from the US
Canada Europe doesn’t matter okay these 25 personality traits are the same and
three come out very associated with boot compliance and visit compliance the odds
ratio here are pretty low but that’s because there were 12 levels so
basically between the two extremes you would have like the people who have
these personality traits very strongly will be over 10 times more likely to
comply and the traits are sense of responsibility being action-oriented and
and having a logical rational approach and being able to use complex strategies
and so that could be used potentially to like individuals and also to determine
even how we can motivate these people so I’ve got one slide on incentives here no
matter who we are we have eight desires okay and and you can see them on the
left hand side you have these eight desires doesn’t matter who you are and
the idea is to apply this like for example ownership now when I talk about
ownership when it comes to biosecurity why can’t we get the employees to help
define improve the biosecurity program if they do that they take ownership if
it’s their idea they’re more likely to comply I’ve seen on swine farms in
Minnesota achievement reaching targets I got our farm and it said 508 days
without PRRS you know so these are actually incentives that can be useful
now when it comes to unrealistic expectations you know I said that no
pictures of ladies but here’s one in a smiley Pig in if you remember around
2000 when we have food and mouth disease in the UK I can tell you that swine
companies in North Carolina we’re saying well if you’re going to go on vacation
in the UK when you come back you can no longer be on the farm for several days
and so one company said one week another company said we’re better than them so
we’ll call it two weeks and apparently there’s a company that said we’re better
than all of them so we’ll make it three weeks the problem with this of course is
people will lie okay when it gets too extreme people will just lie so one for
example decided well what we’ll say to them is come back on a Friday so that
you can change clothing and take a few showers and don’t use clothing from your
trip abroad and and the first day or two you’ll do work without being in contact
with the pigs and after that you should be fine I mean something like that
people will comply but if you go too far at the bottom there’s a story where we
had a farm where their demands on the employees
were were crazy and so a one employee actually got a spouse working on another
farm to help early in the morning and that the guy was on a farm positive for
mycoplasma infection and and we found the same strain of mycoplasma on that
other farm everybody lost their job so that’s the kind of stuff I’m talking
about markers now here’s a good example of a marker this is a farm the south of
Mexico where I was the second visitor in five years and the reason for that is
because I ended up taking 13 showers on that site on that day okay so it was bad
enough but on top of that when you took a shower after that the clothing they
would give you is this and if you are Mexican with any self-respect okay you
will not be caught dead or alive with shorts to start with certainly not red
shorts what they were telling me is we know that farm clothing stays on the
farm okay and the reason is because nobody wants to steal this you know and
you know some need more training all right
so component of good biosecurity strategy I could not talk about all of
it but training is one having proper equipment sanitation products applying
it correctly okay having the right contact time monitoring sanitation
feedback to all personnel I’ll mention a few things on that in the next few
minutes having an easy to comply the farm design is important at a very least
at the entrance and communication and now we have innovation that may be
useful in the north of France I’ve got a pilot study going on where we’re
tracking what we did is on a swine farm we put a bunch of beacons there little
things like that okay we even put them on the cleaning equipment and every
employee has basically an app and if they get close to a beacon they’re being
recorded and so we know where they are how much time they’re spending there
including using the equipment cleaning equipment and it’s in real-time
information and in a nutshell here we add a one farm with four three employees
and and basically we want to know also if they were going in the right
direction this was a furrow to finish operation and we had a few occasions
where they would go from the finishing unit you know back to post winning
basically not going properly about 8% at a time and here we could see that one
employee was more likely to do this than the other ones the idea here is not to
use that to punish but to train so that can be useful another technology we’re
testing right now we just completed a study using the RFID technology here
real-time and basically we here’s the the the redline essentially and what we
did is we put microchips in the boots and the employees allowed us to put
microchips on their boots so that we would know if they would use their own
boots to cross that line okay and so we did that just for a few days 17 days for
different employees 254 entries and the compliance was at 93% for the boots
there were nine non-compliant shoe events and and basically two out of nine
they got a feedback if they would cross if that microchip would cross the line
and it would be the wrong microchip okay there would be an alarm and so and this
is technology used in hospitals they can also send you basically a text message
to inform you and the idea there is that you get immediate feedback you can also
do it as we did for the alcoholic alcohol gel if you push it or if you
don’t push it and you cross that line it will send you a message and buzzing
alarm saying well you know we didn’t have this push on the dispenser so you
probably did not disinfect your hands and when it comes to
hand-washing you do a 68 percent compliance once in every three buzzers
they corrected once they heard the buzzer for an overall eighty percent
compliance which is not perfect but it’s better it’s important to look at these
technologies because we know that it’s important in human medicine look at the
data okay this is in hospitals hand-washing physician less than 50
percent okay that was a long time ago dentist changing gloves 63 percent of
the time in 95 okay intensive care if you ever end up in
intensive care and you are awake okay check what’s going on there it’s
remarkable okay 71 percent compliance only for hand-washing so what they
figured out is that basically in two departments their compliance for
hand-washing was no more than fifty sixty percent but if they had good
training and real-time feedback immediate feedback they could reach over
eighty to ninety percent so that’s why it’s important now a few words about
regional perspective it was minus 41 degrees when that picture was taken
okay and when is that cold the air is very dense and you see these clouds some
dying very low clouds of humidity going farm to farm there were actually three
farms there okay now business-wise there are three farms but my point is that for
nature this is just one big fat juicy site okay for a virus a bacteria they
don’t care that because I counted you know accounting and biology are two
different things in terms of Epidemiology this is just one site
because they’re so close to one another in Georgia because of high density what
they’ve done am I do have a couple more minutes no I have no time okay
well Debbie knew using GPS I’m going to move on now we can do it with geo
fencing virtual fencing if you have an interest in that that’s very interesting
because it’s real time basically feedback
and and where you can then contact the people who are crossing that virtual
line which is really nice and I’m going to finish with the pynx group
essentially this is in North Carolina Goldsboro mailing what they’ve done is
employs technicians they the farm owner or the technician if they have a
suspicion of anything they can put laminated sheet pink sheet with A+ in it
and they put that at the entrance and that triggers calls to all the people
you see there is very low-tech but it works quite well at first people the
growers didn’t like it to our point though we’re actually was the opposite
they realize they had no more visitors and they wanted to keep it on okay but
that’s not how it works all right so I’m finishing with with this we
basically need to have integrated farm measures traffic flow manage traffic
flow at a regional basis good communication and good compliance
thinking about these basic principles of reducing contamination separating it
from healthy animals and communicating at original level thank you very much


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