Asthma is a chronic disease in which the airways narrow and swell, making it hard for the patient to breathe. If you or a loved one is having an asthma attack, here are the things you can do: Among the triggers for an asthma attack are: Dust Pet dander Smoke (from cigarettes or exhaust) Strong chemicals Bacteria Virus Or genetic factors Always consider the safety of the surroundings when helping. Know the patient’s level of consciousness. Check the patient’s airway, breathing, and circulation. Have the patient sit comfortably. Keep the patient calm. Ask if she has a history of the condition. If yes, ask if she is taking medicine or is using an inhaler. Help her use it. If she doesn’t have her medicine or inhaler with her, rush her to the nearest hospital. Remember these steps: Ensure scene safety. Know the patient’s level of consciousness. Check the patient’s airway, breathing, and circulation. Have the patient sit comfortably. Calm her down Know the patient’s medical history Ask if the patient brought her medicine or inhaler. Help her use it. Otherwise, take the patient to the hospital.