How to Treat Shock – First Aid Training – St John Ambulance
29
August

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , /


Shock is a serious life-threatening
condition that happens when vital organs in the body are not getting enough blood
flow and this can lead to failure of these organs and the heart. Shock can be
caused by anything that reduces the circulation of blood flow such as, severe
bleeding which you may be able to see or it may be hidden or internal. If the
heart is unable to pump blood around the body after problems like a heart attack,
severe heart disease or heart failure. Loss of bodily fluid following severe
vomiting, diarrhoea or severe burns. After a severe allergic reaction or severe
infection. And following a spinal cord injury. These conditions may all lead to
life-threatening shock. When someone is in shock they may have a fast pulse, pale, cold or clammy skin, sweating, fast shallow breathing, gray-blue skin
especially inside the lips, weakness and dizziness, nausea and possible vomiting, thirst. As the shock becomes more severe, they may have a weak pulse that you may not be able to feel, restless and aggressive behaviour, gasping for air. They may become unresponsive. To treat for shock you need to try to
reverse the cause of shock. If you find severe bleeding or serious burns try to
treat these whilst reassuring the casualty. Help the casualty to lie down. If
possible try to lie them down on a rug or blanket, as this will help protect
them from the cold. Raise and support their legs above the level of their
heart as this will increase blood flow to the head and vital organs, but if the
casualty has an injured leg do not raise it. If the casualty is pregnant help them to lie with their body leaning towards their left side to prevent the obstruction of
the blood flow returning to the heart. If you haven’t done so already call 999 or
112, and tell ambulance control that you suspect shock. Once you have called for emergency help,
you can then loosen any tight clothing around their neck chest and waist. Stay with the
casualty and keep them warm by covering them with a blanket or coats. Try to
reassure them and keep them calm. Keep monitoring their level of response. If
they become unresponsive, open the airway check their breathing and be prepared to
treat someone who is unresponsive. So remember, if you think someone is in
shock treat the cause of shock, lay them down and raise their legs, call 999 or
112 for emergency help, loosen any tight clothing and keep them warm and calm.
Monitor their level of response. And that’s how we treat shock. If this video has been helpful to you
help support St John Ambulance by going sja.org.uk/donate


13 thoughts on “How to Treat Shock – First Aid Training – St John Ambulance

  1. morphological changes in shock-
    adrenal changes-cortical cell lipid depletion
    kidneys-ATN
    lungs-rarely affected in hypovolemic shock,septic shock-diffuse alveolar hemorrhage(shock lung)
    liver-cental hemorrhagic necrosis
    septic shock-
    early hyper dynamic state-
    warm&flushed
    decreased BP
    vasodilation
    tachy cardia
    CO- n to inc
    late hypodynamic state-
    vasoconstriction
    decresed output
    oliguria(renal failure)

  2. Remove the bandage if blood goes through? I heard you should just apply another dressing on top so that any clots that have already been formed won't disappear.

  3. Can "Shock" be applied to someone who is a witness or experienced something traumatic (More mental than physical) You mentioned all physical reasons someone could go into shock, so I feel my assumption of shock could be incorrect.

  4. I don't know if what am experiencing is a shoke or what since I was a child
    I used to have spoke on my ankle, hand etc it get worse if a get a small breeze in any of these areas

  5. I"m taking a SJA Level 3 course right now and they stress that during Shock that we MUST remember to give them oxygen…why isn't this mentioned?

  6. Notice it's a folding chair not a table chair……needs to be able to be portable. Lolol.
    In all seriousness I was thought through a high school class if they DON'T have any injuries to there legs you can carefully elevate there legs 12"- 18" using books…..a full back pack….jacket…………..or your emergency folding chair

  7. Back when we where all jumping off a cliff into the water, I landed wrong and broke my collar bone. I’m just glad my step dads a medic and my uncle is a life guard 😅

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