How to Treat Sprains and Strains – First Aid Training – St John Ambulance

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , /

[Music plays] Strains and sprains are common injuries
that affect the soft tissues around joints A sprain is when a ligament has twisted or torn, while a strain is when the muscle has been overstretched. And a rupture is when a muscle or a tendon is completely torn. There are three things you should look for: pain and tenderness, difficulty moving, swelling and bruising. If someone has a
sprain or strain you should remember RICE, which stands for Rest, Ice, Comfortable support and Elevation If someone has a strain or sprain, help them to sit or lie down and support their limb in a comfortable raised position. To cool the area, apply a cold compress, like an ice pack, cold pad or frozen peas wrapped in a towel. Leave the ice pack or cold pad in place or wrap a soft layer of padding, like cotton wool, around the area. Then, tie a support bandage around the area to hold it in place. This needs to go up as far as the next
joint on each side. Raise the injured area and support it with something soft like a cushion or in this case you can use a sling. If the pain is severe, or they can’t use their limb, they will need to go to hospital. Otherwise just tell them to rest it and to seek a health care professional if necessary. So remember, when caring for someone with a sprain or strain rest the affected area, ice will help
cool the injury down, give them comfortable support with bandages and padding, keep the affected area elevated. And that’s how you treat sprains and strains. [Music plays]

18 thoughts on “How to Treat Sprains and Strains – First Aid Training – St John Ambulance

  1. Kallee (Her School): Hey!!!!!!!! I gave First Aid to Jonathan when he sprained his ankle!!!!!!!! Jonathan (Kallee's School): Oh Yeah!!!!!!!! I remember that!!!!!!!! you gave to me when I sprained my ankle!!!!!!!!

  2. i was dancing and i dont know if i have a sprain or strain certainly no swelling or a bruse what should i do tomorrow i have my finals btw my thigh hurts when i move,only when i try to get up or sit down can someone plz help?

  3. here's several suggestions treating ankle pain at home
    research some simple exercises online
    Use hot and cold packs alternately
    Lose weight (if you are too heavy)
    Do more exercise
    (I discovered these and the reasons they work on Jasontas remedy tactic website )

  4. Hello, on Friday I fractured my left elbow and at same time sprained my right hand ,my hand was never bandaged at the hospital, diden thing of asking them, but now today Sunday 25 the 17,, my hand is very painfull there is no fracture,of my right handvas I had xrays on both elbow and hand, but pain is becoming hard to cope with ,its swollen and brushed, as I'm right handed, a help welcome thankyou

  5. When I had a broken hand in year 9 they gave me a ice pack to put in my hand but it made the pain worse

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