Ibuprofen: Important Warnings and Precautions

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , /

Hello and welcome to “VideoScript”, presented
by Drugs.com. Today in the final of three presentations,
we continue reviewing ibuprofen, a commonly used medication in the class of drugs known
as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs. We will review important warnings and precautions
with ibuprofen. It is important for patients to understand these warnings and precautions
due to ibuprofen’s widespread use and ease of availability as a non-prescription drug. Ibuprofen should not be used in patients who
have experienced asthma or other allergic-type reactions after taking aspirin or other NSAIDs.
In these patients, severe and possibly fatal allergies may occur with ibuprofen. The most common side effect with ibuprofen,
like most NSAIDs, is stomach reactions like pain, heartburn and nausea. To help lessen
these side effects, it may be helpful to take ibuprofen with food or milk, or at mealtime. Less frequently, serious stomach or intestinal
ulceration, bleeding or perforation can occur without warning. Patients older than 65 years of age or those
who consume more than 3 alcoholic drinks per day may be especially prone to these serious
stomach side effects. Patients who have a history of stomach or
intestinal ulcers, bleeding or other stomach disorders should consult with their healthcare
provider prior to using ibuprofen. Patients who develop black, tarry stools,
severe stomach pain, or vomiting that looks like coffee grounds or with blood should immediately
contact their healthcare professional as this may indicate stomach bleeding. Ibuprofen, like other NSAIDs, may rarely cause
serious cardiovascular side effects, such as heart attack or stroke. These risks may
be higher in patients who have a history of heart disease or may be at-risk for heart
disease. Patients who use heart, or high blood pressure
medications should talk with their healthcare provider prior to using ibuprofen as it may
worsen high blood pressure or cause fluid retention. There is no good evidence that taking aspirin
will have a protective effect against these heart side effects due to NSAIDs, and taking
an NSAID with aspirin may increase the risk of stomach ulceration. Patients who take aspirin
as a blood thinner should check with their doctor before taking ibuprofen. In addition, ibuprofen should not be used
before or after certain heart surgeries called coronary artery bypass grafts, or CABG. If a patient should experience chest pain,
shortness of breath, weakness, or slurring of speech while using ibuprofen, they should
consult with their healthcare provider immediately. There are many other important warnings, drug
interactions and side effects with ibuprofen. Even though ibuprofen and other NSAIDs are
available without a prescription, it is important for at-risk patients to understand theses
precautions and consult with their doctor prior to any NSAID use. Thank you for joining us at Drugs.com for
a brief review of ibuprofen. Please refer to our patient and professional information,
drug interaction checker, and additional tools on Drugs.com. Patients with a concern about the use of ibuprofen
should consult with their health care provider. Visit Drugs.com/ibuprofen for more information

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