Tragedies, dangers, and accidents are things that may come unexpectedly, that’s why it’s important to have knowledge and ability in times of calamity. If you have children at home- grandchildren, niece or nephew, or your own children, it is important to learn first aid to help them in case a tragedy happens in your house. Stay tuned, watch the various first aid for certain child and infant emergencies that we are going to teach you. I am Benedict Galazan, rescue manager of the first news and rescue institution in the world UNTV News and Rescue. From my years of experience in rescue operations, I have learned what to do in case of tragedies, and what tools to prepare for use in case of accidents. We are ready to share with you the knowledge and skills so that in times of calamity, you are a lifesaver! If a person suffers a severe allergic reaction,
what happens to his blood pressure? A. Does it rise? B. Or drop? B The blood pressure drops. A severe allergic reaction is also called anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock. When the body is in shock, the blood pressure drops extremely, and the cells of the body start to lack oxygen. There are different kinds of allergies, such as food allergy, skin allergy, drug allergy, pollen allergy and latex allergy. When a body’s allergic reaction becomes severe, it may sometimes cause death when not acted upon promptly. This is called an anaphylactic shock. Anaphylactic shock is a severe allergic reaction, which when triggered, can within minutes affect the body and be fatal. If your family has a history of varying kinds of allergies, here are the things you need to know about anaphylactic shock. The most common symptoms include severe skin redness or rashes, vomiting, breathing difficulty and diarrhea. It is caused by an allergy to food like peanuts and seafood, the weather, and allergens like dust and pollens. Here are first aid tips you can perform: Immediately call emergency medical services like 911-UNTV and say that you suspect that the child is having an anaphylaxis or a severe anaphylactic reaction. If you have company in the vicinity, ask the person to call or fetch emergency responders. Do not leave the patient. If the patient has anti-allergy medicine with him, let him take it right away. Place the patient in a comfortable position and make sure that the place is properly ventilated. If the patient is pale, cold, and has bluish lips, be ready to treat a shock. Ask the patient to lie down and elevate his legs. If the patient is not breathing, perform a CPR. Remember, if a child is having an anaphylactic shock, do the following: First, call emergency medical services promptly. Second, let the patient take his anti-allergy medicine. Third, make sure that he is breathing properly. Fourth, prepare to treat a shock while waiting for emergency services. Fifth, if the child is not breathing, perform a CPR. A man in Cebu saves his child from drowning. The victim was no longer breathing when he was taken out of the water. I saw him and he was already purple, I saw this part already dark. Good thing the father had attended a basic life support and basic first aid training conducted by UNTV News and Rescue- Cebu, that’s why he knows how to perform CPR. I told my wife to call emergency services while I performed CPR for a child, like this. See what happens next when Lifesaver returns. A man in Cebu saves his child from drowning. The victim was no longer breathing when he was taken out of the water. Good thing the father had attended a basic life support and basic first aid training conducted by UNTV News and Rescue- Cebu, where he learned how to perform CPR. Junrey Heredia can still very well recall what happened on October 26 at a resort in Cebu City, where his four-year-old son/daughter drowned. We were invited to the birthday party of our colleague. It was evening, there were children and many of them were playing in the water. I was watching my child while chatting with my friends. Junrey didn’t notice that his child had already gone to the deeper part of the swimming pool. Somebody screamed, “Hey, a child is drowning,” so I ran right away to see whose child it was. Then, I saw it was my child. He immediately got his son/daughter from the poolside, the child was unconscious and his/her skin has turned pale. I became nervous when I saw him. Somebody else pulled him from out of the pool and laid him/her down on a flat surface. When I got there, I saw him with his/her skin already
violet. I saw this part, the veins seemed to have turned dark already. Since no rescue had arrived yet, Junrey deemed it necessary to perform CPR which he learned when he attended the
UNTV first aid and basic life support seminar. Then, I applied CPR. But first, I never forgot to tell my wife to call emergency services, an ambulance, and to inform the guard. I told her to seek help from a guard is well-trained in first aid, But I was already doing CPR appropriate for a child. While doing so, some people came and asked me to step back
so that they could do the CPR in my place. Someone from the birthday party we
attended positioned himself beside my child like this, but I told him to just let me try it. And after a few minutes, he succeeded. He started to throw up water. I made him lie on his side for the water to be thrown up. From there, his color started to slowly return to normal. His child was rushed to the hospital to check for complications. After a few days, he was back to his energetic self. The foremost thing I remember from our training is that, before doing CPR, we have to call for emergency responders or an ambulance. Then, do the CPR to the child using only the fingers to the tune of Staying Alive. According to Junrey, his son tried to get a balloon in the water and was led to the deep part of the
pool. Because of this incident, Junrey realized the importance of knowing how to save lives. Last September, I joined a community-based training conducted by 911. I just wanted to attend because I’m a father, I have children. I knew it was going to be useful and I was right. If there are free seminars about useful stuff, it’s advisable to attend because it’s not only beneficial to ourselves. I had no idea about things like CPR. The training was great because it wasn’t only about doing CPR but also management of wounds, fractures, other injuries from earthquakes and typhoons. I am thankful to God that I was able to save my son’s/daughter’s life. Had I not joined the seminar, I wouldn’t have any idea about basic training in first aid. Nothing. So, what was I going to do? What could have happened? It’s really essential to be knowledgeable. What does CPR stand for? A. CARDIAC PAIN RESUSCITATION B. CHRONIC PULMONARY REVIVAL C. CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION C. CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION The objective of CPR is to resuscitate the cardiopulmonary system of a person. He has to be kept alive while waiting for advanced medical attention. What if an infant suddenly stops to cry, falls unconscious and stops breathing? Do we know what to do? As adults, we have to know how to perform CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation to a baby. If you are ready to help, here’s the correct procedure for CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation to save an infant. If the baby is not crying, not moving and not breathing, lay him down on a firm and flat surface such as the floor or a table. Place two or three of your fingers in the middle of his chest, beneath the nipple line. Perform thirty chest compressions. Repeat the set of thirty compressions until the infant regains consciousness or until the ambulance arrives. Remember, if the baby is unconscious and not breathing, do the following lifesaver steps: If you have company, tell them to call for an ambulance. But if you are alone, prioritize administering first aid. Second, place the baby on a firm and flat surface. Third, do thirty chest compressions until the infant is conscious again or until emergency medical services arrive. When Lifesaver returns, know what to do when a child chokes. Also, when can it be said that a child is having a convulsion and what can be done? You’ll know when Lifesaver returns. Studies show that infants choke more often than adults because they find it hard to swallow, and sometimes, they put different things into their mouth. When a baby chokes, he is easily distressed, that’s why we have to know what to do to clear the obstruction in his throat. Here’s what you can do when an infant chokes: If there’s someone with you, ask him to call for emergency medical services such as 911-UNTV, but if you are alone, perform first aid before calling. Place the baby on your arm, making it lie on its stomach. The head has to be a little lower than his body. Support his neck and head with your other hand. Using the heel of your palm, give him five back blows. Turn the baby and perform five chest thrusts using two or three fingers. Just continue the combination of five back blows and five chest thrusts until the obstruction in the throat is expelled or until the child loses consciousness. When he becomes unconscious, place the infant on a firm and flat surface like the floor or a table. Do thirty compressions. Check the mouth of the baby for something that may have been expelled from the throat. Do a finger sweep, take out the foreign body using your pinky finger. Repeat the steps until the obstruction is expelled or until the child regains consciousness or until emergency medical services arrive. Remember the things you have to do to a child that has choked: First, call emergency medical services. Second, position the child properly and give him five back blows and five chest thrusts. Third, if the baby falls unconscious, place him on a firm and flat surface such as the floor or a table. Fourth, do thirty chest compressions, remove any foreign body expelled and repeat the steps until the obstruction is cleared or until an ambulance arrives. This flu season, another thing watched out for among children is high fever. We commonly call this convulsion. It comes with stiffening of the body, uncontrolled muscle spasm, and passing out. Convulsion is a type of seizure which happens to children even without epilepsy. In times when illnesses due to infections and viruses are prevalent, children easily get sick, and the body’s initial reaction is fever. If this worsens, it may lead to a convulsion. In such situations, we have to know what to do in case our child suffers a convulsion. If the body temperature exceeds the normal, which is between 36.5 to 37.5 degrees Celsius, this is already fever. And if it reaches 40 degrees Celsius, this usually leads to a convulsion. Here’s what you can do to relieve a child having a convulsion: Place the patient in a comfortable position. Put an ice bag on his forehead, neck, armpit and groins in order to bring down his temperature. If you don’t have an ice bag, you may use anything that can wrap ice. Monitor his body temperature and check if it goes down after a few minutes. If the fever subsides, give him an oral rehydration solution to replace lost fluids due to fever. If the fever persists, immediately call emergency medical services or rush him to the nearest hospital. Remember, if a child is having a convulsion, here’s what you can do: First, position him comfortably and bring down his temperature. Second, monitor his body temperature. Third, give him enough water. Fourth, if the first aid doesn’t work, call immediately medical services or take him to the hospital. We hope you have learned from us how to avoid household emergencies and how to deal with them. These are useful not only in our own homes but wherever we encounter an emergency. Stay tuned for our next episode on first aid to keep you always ready. Our knowledge of first aid administration can be a lifesaver in case of a disaster. To know more about first aid and emergency preparedness, visit our YouTube channel and our social media accounts. Remember that knowledge and skills are essential, so that in times of calamity, you are a lifesaver!