Learn Medical Spanish – 7 Easy Phrases for Communicating Treatment Plans in Spanish
08
March

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , , , , /


Hola, feliz viernes
Hoy es viernes, yo soy Rory estoy contento de estar aquí contigo. Hoy es el primer
viernes, el primer día de vacación de verano para mis hijos este año, ellos
terminaron la escuela ayer a mediodía y ahora es verano y gracias a Dios hay sol, durante toda la semana ha estado lloviendo even nevando un poquito aquí en Colorado
increíble para mayo pero… hoy today we’re talking seven phrases seven easy
phrases to communicate treatment plans in Spanish and so we’re gonna get
started I’ve got seven phrases and a handful of examples for each one and
hopefully you’ll be able to take what we’re looking at today and use them as
you’re talking about treatment plans may even discharge excuse me
instructions with your patients they’re super flexible phrases. I was working
with one of my private students this week and she’s like you know what we’ve
been working hard on the past tense and now I need to know the future Oh what
would he do in the future for it and she said well I need to be able to tell
people what they can expect and this and that and the other and I started
thinking you know what often times you can work around the future and in fact
the true pure future tense in Spanish is much less used than another work around
using the present tense so I’m going to show you that today too
all right muy bien a lot of the phrases that are in this lesson are actually in
another lesson that we did years ago as one of the very first lessons I did in
this video viernes group so if you want to see an old video and see how less
blonde my hair is back in those days you can just do a quick Google search
for pharmacy and dosing instructions in Spanish and the blog post should pop up
or if you head to our YouTube channel or to the medical Spanish page you can
search there and find it as well okay bien so you can see specifically some of
this phrasing and tricks to give instructions in Spanish with this
pharmacy and medications lesson okay empezamos con frase
número uno, frase número uno is actually the most common way to use the future
tense in Spanish most people do not use the technical future tense conjugation
in Spanish, they tend to say go to or going to and to form the future with
another verb so we have ir más a más infinitivo forming the future so we
start with a verb ir, ir is the verb to go, es un verbo irregular. Las conjugaciones
are just like this: yo voy – I go; tú vas – you go (for kids, right); él, ella, usted va – he, she, or you formal go; nosotros vamos; ellos, ellas, ustedes van so nosotros vamos – we go; they go y’all go okay that those are las conjugaciones completely irregular they don’t look at all like ir verdad?
okay bien let’s look at some examples of how we take ir, add a to it and then
add another verb in the infinitivo to talk about things in the future;
let’s look at what: Yo voy a informar a su proveedor de atención primaria, okay I’m going to tell or I’m going to inform your primary care
provider okay? Yo voy a informar – I’m going to inform. Bien okay,
es futuro but we’re using the present tense super easy. Mi asistente – my
assistant – va a llamar a la farmacia cerca de su casa, so my assistant is
going to call the pharmacy close to your house. Nosotros vamos a consultar con we’re going to consult with – su seguro
sobre las opciones, so essentially we’re going to consult with,
we’re going to talk to your insurance about your options okay, bien… nosotros vamos a…
Usted va a hablar con su familia sobre sus deseos, so you are gonna speak with
your family or discuss with your family about your wishes. Muy bien, excelente.
Okay so el futuro, so as you’re talking treatment plans and things you
also have you always have to refer to what’s what’s going to happen right? Bien.
Frase número dos: “hay que” más infinitivo, hay que with the
infinitive is one has to, one must in your life very well but I never say one
has to do this or one has to do that the style of using hay que is really culturally
acceptable its indirect it’s an instruction but its indirect it’s all
something you have to do this or that it’s a it’s a way to be less direct with
someone but still mention the importance of an instruction or doing something
okay let’s look at some examples: hay que tomar
una pastilla por día, mmm… you have to take it’s essentially an English but
really talk like that one must but if this is essentially you have to but it’s
a less direct way to saying. Hay que tomar una pastilla por día – You have to take
one pill a day Para bajar la presión – to lower your blood
pressure hay que usar menos sal – you have to
use less salt -, bajar de peso – lose weight – y tomar menos licor – and drink less…
now licor here is kind of the general word for alcohol
alcohol is okay but often times is better to go with licor so that’s
why I used it here for you. Bien. No hay que pagar nada – you don’t have to pay
anything no hay que pagar nada, es un servicio gratuito – it’s a free service -. Now you thought I thought free was libre
okay that’s free – libre is free like unfettered so… loose free and
yeah but what about gratis, I’ve seen gratis; gratis is also free but gratuito is the adjective free so we’re describing servicio gratuito
like free service okay bien all right Frase número tres: “tener que” with
infinitivo. This is the same you have to but it’s different in that it’s not
indirect it’s very direct so you have it’s a very direct tone or direct syntax
in Spanish okay. Es un antibiótico – it’s an antibiotic – así que – so –
así que tiene que terminar todas las pastillas, so you have to finish all of
the pills. Okay bien. Usted tiene que chequearse el azúcar todos los días –
you have to check your blood sugar every day – pero no tiene que – but you don’t
have to – apuntar – write down or make a note of – sus números de glucosa – you
don’t have to write down your glucose numbers – el glucómetro los guarda en
memoria. I think that happens, I’m not really sure okay bien. Número tres: Nosotros tenemos que hacerle la prueba ever de embarazo antes – we have to
do on to you so we have to essentially give you or do to you la prueba de embarazo – a pregnancy test before okay before what?
no sé, you fill in the blank okay so we’ve done “hay que”, we were first of all
“vamos a” we’re going to I’m going to this that of the other
one has to indirect you have to and then very direct you have to and then now you
might just want to back… back off a little bit on the obligation level and
sake like you need to okay frase número cuatro: necesitar with an
infinitive. Have you noticed that all these are taking infinitives so far? it’s
awesome all you have to do is know the verb that you want to talk about and
then you conjugate these easy verbs right so you need to go etcetera bien,
necesita… necesitar with infinitivo is to need to do something let’s look at
some examples Su hija necesita continuar con la terapia física para rehabilitarse más rápido so your daughter needs to
continue with PT in order to rehab more quickly verdad? rehabilitarse. Necesitamos monitorearle – we need to monitor you okay? so this “le” refers to usted
could refer to él or ella: we need to monitor him, monitor her, monitored you…
here it’s him… a su bebé a por veinticuatro horas antes de darle el alta so we need to monitor your baby for 24 hours before discharging, darle el alta is the word for discharge, you see? bien. Usted necesita hacer otra cita si la fiebre no le baja en cinco días, so you need to make another appointment if the fever doesn’t
break or go down it literally hears bajarle or reduce – en cinco días – in five days. Tú no necesitas regresar si puedes correr y jugar sin dolor, you don’t need to come back, you don’t need to return if you can
play and run without pain. Okay bien. A lot of times the more you study Spanish
and the more you get in reduce to some more advanced concepts
like the subjunctive for all of you upper intermediate and advanced level
speakers you start to think that every time you use if you need to use
subjunctive well you don’t in a regular if-then proposition or
if-then statement you’ll rarely ever use subjunctive. Okay bien.
beginners forget just blank all this out intermediate-advanced pay attention if
uses subjunctive only if you’re hypothesizing about
something or saying something contrary to reality
if I were whatever on vacation today… I’m not, I’m working, I’m here with you. Bien, so that’s
when you would use subjunctive but here it’s just a regular if-then statement so
we’re gonna stick with indicative here so si puedes, if you can; si la fiebre
no le baja, if the fever doesn’t reduce or break. Okay bien, continuamos.
Frase número cinco: deber with infinitivo is to should so should do
this should do that. Usted debe dejar de fumar porque es muy nocivo. Okay
nocivo is probably a new word for you nocivo is harmful, it’s the warning
label on the cigarette packs, it’s the warning label on alcohol like drinks,
it’s the warning label that you say this is harmful to your health: nocivo. Okay
bien Usted debe dejar de fumar –
should stop smoking. Usted debe okay bien. “Dejar de” is a great verb
for anything that’s like one of those vices: smoking, drinking, doing drugs,
whatever those activities are they’re harmful, dejar de is usually the verb
you use. Debe llamarme – you should call me – si experimenta mareos o
siente una falta de equilibrio, so you should call me and if you experience
– experimenta -, we’ve done this a few times over the last couple of months but
experimentar is the verb to experience not to do experiments so don’t be afraid
of using experimentar because you think that it’s experiment it’s not
it’s experience in Spanish okay Debe llamarme si experimenta mareos o siente una falta de equilibrio – you should call okay? No debe estar – you shouldn’t –
no debe estar en el sol sin usar bloqueador mientras toma este medicamento, so you shouldn’t be out in the Sun without sun block – sin
usar bloqueador – without using sunblock mientras toma – while you’re taking – this
medication so no debe. Debe parar de tomar – you should stop
taking la Metformina si se siente muy cansado –
if you feel very tired -, si siente náusea, debilidad – nausea, weakness – dolor de estómago, etc, etc okay so debe parar de tomar. Now, previously we said dejar de
fumar, now it’s parar de tomar so dejar de is one of those vices
that you’re stopping, parar de was just stopping any other activity okay
particularly medication. Debe parar de tomar la Metformina. Okay bien.
Hopefully you’re seeing how these phrases can be used and implemented
within your treatment plans and possibly even discharge instructions okay. Frase número seis: poder with an infinitivo is can or be able to do something okay
let’s see: Tú puedes nadar – you can swim – tú puedes nadar con la escayola – the cast – y
y la puedes mojar sin problema – and you can get it wet with no problems. Okay so tú puedes nadar.
Bien. Escayola, cast. Bien. Si necesita – if you need – puede alternar – you can alternate – el ibuprofeno y el acetaminofen
para controlar el dolor, so if you need to, you can alternate the ibuprofen with
acetaminophen for the pain okay. Nosotros no podemos esperar – we cannot
wait – no podemos esperar, tenemos que operarle ya so ahora in
Spanish, you’re thinking “I thought ahora was now”,
well ahora is now but in a lot of… in a lot of ways ahora can mean now like
this week or now like at some point today or now anytime this month
you know that kind of thing however “ya” does not have that much range in timing
“ya” is “ya” like right now okay bien tenemos que operarle ya. And one
more of these “poder”: usted puede volver a sus actividades normales
– you can return to your normal activities.
Okay, bien, continuamos con la última frase and it’s favor de the weakest of all of these instructions but it so you’re saying
please do this please do that and when you say “por favor” the whole phrase
“por favor” then you kind of need to do comma and then give the actual command
in the command tense but if you want to avoid that conjugation just do “favor de”
and then add the infinitive okay it’s a workaround. Favor de tomar asiento – please
take a seat – favor de tomar asiento, nosotros la llamamos en un momento – we will
call you in a moment – please take a seat we’ll call your moment. Si necesita cancelar su cita – if you need to cancel your appointments – si necesita cancelar su cita, favor de hacerlo por lo menos veinticuatro horas antes – if you need to cancel your
appointment, please do it at least twenty four hours before. Favor de repetir las instrucciones que le di – please repeat the instructions that I gave you, sí? favor de repetir las instrucciones que le di. Favor de llamar
a este número de veinticuatro horas si nota alguna decoloración de la piel so please call this number if you notice –
si nota – si nota alguna decoloración de la piel – if you notice any
decoloration or discoloration in the skin okay bien. Those are the seven frases
we’ve got ir ar + infinitivo to talk about the future,
we’ve got hay que to give a indirect command basically, we’ve got tiene que to give
more direct instruction, necesita – you need to do this,
puede – you can do this, debe – you should do this and favor de. Somehow I got to
Ocho but all I did seven here with you. Okay bien. Matemáticas nunca fue mi fuerte. Okay this is a
práctica, I’m gonna quiz you a little bit on some of this vocabulario you
saw in here because I think it’s useful and I think you can use it in a lot of
different scenarios with your patients first of all: call, the verb to call, call
llamar. Okay bien. Check, it was the verb to
check that we used in here: chequearse Chequearse. Okay bien. so reflexive
meaning: check yourself, chequearle would be checking someone else verdad? okay
how about this next one? consult with: did you catch that verb?
consult with? consultar con Continue with: do you remember that one?
continuar con. Discuss or speak: now this one is tricky. There is a verb in
Spanish discutir; discutir but it’s not discutir-
Discutir really has more of the connotation of argue so stick with this
other one super easy you always think of it as speak but it’s hablar and it can
also mean discuss. Conversar is another one, conversar – to converse – that one
works well also. Do a test, do a test, hacer la prueba so if it’s hacerse then is
do the test on yourself, hacerle then it’s do the test on to someone
else, so same with chequearse it could be chequearse or chequearle right?
okay bien. To go to, go to: ir a if you experience, so the phrase, if you
experience kind of like if you have this or that if you experience remember? si
experimenta. How about if you feel, if you feel? si siente. If you have, what for if
you have? si tiene, si tiene. If you notice, if you notice: si nota. If you think: si
piensa, si piensa. Monitor, el verbo to monitor: monitorear, monitorear.
Return: hmm yes we’ve got two options regresar or volver and they both
mean going back to a place, return. If you have to return an item somewhere it’s
not these verbs it’s actually a compound of volver, it’s devolver, devolver. Devolver is to return an item but return in this case is to come back okay? To stop
an action like taking the medication stop in action. that one was: parar, parar okay? And to stop a vice that one to stop of ice the smoking,
drinking, drugs and all that? mmm dejar de, dejar de. And to take note or
write something down, to take note you don’t have to write down your blood
glucose results. This one was: apuntar, apuntar. we’ve got take, take which is: tomar.
Okay and I think our last one here now use: usar. Okay perfecto
muy bien well that’s all I have for you today gracias para aprender español
conmigo juntos trabajando juntos nosotros sí mejoramos comunidades. Two
links the website commongroundinternational.com to get more información, más
español médico and if you’re really looking to focus on your medical Spanish
vocabulary head over to certifiedspanish.com, create a free account and
you can take unlimited number of free vocabulary tests if you would like to
sign up for the study guide then that’s like five bucks a month, $4.99 a month
alright muy bien, que tengas muy buen fin de semana. Nos vemos actually not next
week taking the kids on a little trip for a school year end of school year
trip so we’re gonna be out of town next week but I’ll be in touch over email. Hasta luego.
thank you for joining me today on this video viernes lesson I wanted to
invite you to join our community if you’re not a member of the Facebook
group already that I deliver these live lessons in on most every Friday and also
point you to the website where you can find a bunch more information about
medical Spanish whether that be courses or free materials for you or finding a
private tutor to work with you online or face-to-face and also let you know about
some amazing Spanish immersion programs either you as a medical person or your
significant other as working in some other industry or your family if you
want to improve your Spanish and you have time and budget to go do some
travel our programs are pretty amazing I think it’d be fun to work with you and
finally if you have to document work at your clinic
or at your hospital or within your setting that needs to be professionally
translated shoot me a message upload your document to us and we can get to
you a quick quote and help you out with your spanish-language documents as well
have a great day


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