S1 E1: Wild L.A.
19
October

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /


>>LOS ANGELES MIGHT FOOL ITSELF>>LOS ANGELES MIGHT FOOL ITSELF
WITH ITS CONQUERED NATURE. WITH ITS CONQUERED NATURE.
IT BUILT AQUEDUCTS TO SIT FROM IT BUILT AQUEDUCTS TO SIT FROM
DISTANT WATERSHEDS. DISTANT WATERSHEDS.
TO GUARD AGAINST THE INEVITABLE TO GUARD AGAINST THE INEVITABLE
STORM, IT REENGINEERED RIVERS, STORM, IT REENGINEERED RIVERS,
CREEKS, AND STREAMS. CREEKS, AND STREAMS.
TO MAKE THE LAND SAFE AND TO MAKE THE LAND SAFE AND
SUITABLE FOR MODERN INDUSTRIAL SUITABLE FOR MODERN INDUSTRIAL
LIFE, IT PAVED ITS PRAIRIES AND LIFE, IT PAVED ITS PRAIRIES AND
CLEARED THE AREA OF PREDATORY CLEARED THE AREA OF PREDATORY
ANIMALS. ANIMALS.
IN THIS EPISODE, “LOST L.A.” IN THIS EPISODE, “LOST L.A.”
EXPLAINS THE CONFLICT IN EXPLAINS THE CONFLICT IN
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE CITY RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE CITY
AND ITS NATURAL ENVIRONMENT. AND ITS NATURAL ENVIRONMENT.
WE WILL EXPLORE THE GRIZZLY BEAR WE WILL EXPLORE THE GRIZZLY BEAR
AND THE SANTA ANA WINDS. AND THE SANTA ANA WINDS.
MUCH OF LOS ANGELES COSTS PAST MUCH OF LOS ANGELES COSTS PAST
IS LOST TO HISTORY. IS LOST TO HISTORY.
LANDMARKS THAT ONCE GRACED LANDMARKS THAT ONCE GRACED
POSTCARDS, VANISHED. POSTCARDS, VANISHED.
HISTORIC BUILDINGS, BULLDOZED. HISTORIC BUILDINGS, BULLDOZED.
IT’S NOT JUST PLACES WE HAVE IT’S NOT JUST PLACES WE HAVE
LOST, IT IS LANGUAGES, LOST, IT IS LANGUAGES,
TRADITIONS, PEOPLE, TOO. TRADITIONS, PEOPLE, TOO.
COMMUNITIES CONQUERED, AND IN COMMUNITIES CONQUERED, AND IN
THEIR CONQUEST, WHITEWASHED. THEIR CONQUEST, WHITEWASHED.
THERE IS ONE PLACE WE CAN THERE IS ONE PLACE WE CAN
REDISCOVER THE LOST STORIES. REDISCOVER THE LOST STORIES.
THE ARCHIVES. THE ARCHIVES.
WE EXPLORE THE HISTORY BY WE EXPLORE THE HISTORY BY
BRINGING ARCHIVAL MATERIALS TO BRINGING ARCHIVAL MATERIALS TO
LIFE. LIFE.
I AM NATHAN MASTERS AND THIS IS I AM NATHAN MASTERS AND THIS IS
“LOST L.A.” “LOST L.A.”
WE CERTAINLY HAVE ALTERED OUR WE CERTAINLY HAVE ALTERED OUR
NATURAL ENVIRONMENT. NATURAL ENVIRONMENT.
IT IS HARD TO THINK OF A BETTER IT IS HARD TO THINK OF A BETTER
EXAMPLE FOR THAT ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMPLE FOR THAT ENVIRONMENTAL
TRANSFORMATION THE MCCARROLL — TRANSFORMATION THE MCCARROLL —
THE CALIFORNIA RISLEY, WHICH THE CALIFORNIA RISLEY, WHICH
ONCE RULED THE GRASSLANDS WE ONCE RULED THE GRASSLANDS WE
KNOW AS LOS ANGELES. KNOW AS LOS ANGELES.
WE WILL EXPLORE THE CURIOUS CASE WE WILL EXPLORE THE CURIOUS CASE
OF THE CALIFORNIA GRIZZLY BEAR, OF THE CALIFORNIA GRIZZLY BEAR,
AN ANIMAL THAT STRIDES ACROSS AN ANIMAL THAT STRIDES ACROSS
THE CALIFORNIA FLAG LONG AFTER THE CALIFORNIA FLAG LONG AFTER
ITS EXTINCTION. ITS EXTINCTION.
>>THE GRIZZLY IS ON OUR STATE>>THE GRIZZLY IS ON OUR STATE
FLAG AND IT IS EXTINCT IN FLAG AND IT IS EXTINCT IN
CALIFORNIA. CALIFORNIA.
IT HAS BEEN EXTINCT IN IT HAS BEEN EXTINCT IN
CALIFORNIA FOR HIM AS THE STATE. CALIFORNIA FOR HIM AS THE STATE.
— ALSO THE ENTIRE HISTORY OF — ALSO THE ENTIRE HISTORY OF
THE STATE. THE STATE.
>>MANY PEOPLE ARE SURPRISED TO>>MANY PEOPLE ARE SURPRISED TO
LEARN THERE ARE NO GRIZZLIES IN LEARN THERE ARE NO GRIZZLIES IN
CALIFORNIA ANY LONGER. CALIFORNIA ANY LONGER.
MANY PEOPLE THINK THE BEARS IN MANY PEOPLE THINK THE BEARS IN
YOSEMITE ARE GRIZZLIES. YOSEMITE ARE GRIZZLIES.
THEY ARE SURPRISED TO FIND THEY THEY ARE SURPRISED TO FIND THEY
ARE BLACK BEARS. ARE BLACK BEARS.
>>CLEARLY, PEOPLE RECOGNIZED IT>>CLEARLY, PEOPLE RECOGNIZED IT
AS BEING AN IMPORTANT EMBLEM OF AS BEING AN IMPORTANT EMBLEM OF
THE STATE. THE STATE.
YET, THEY ARE DRUNK — THEY WERE YET, THEY ARE DRUNK — THEY WERE
DRIVEN TO EXTINCTION. DRIVEN TO EXTINCTION.
GRIZZLIES WERE HERE DURING THE GRIZZLIES WERE HERE DURING THE
LAST ICE AGE THAT ENDED 10,000 LAST ICE AGE THAT ENDED 10,000
YEARS AGO. YEARS AGO.
THEY SURVIVED THE PLEISOCENE AND THEY SURVIVED THE PLEISOCENE AND
WERE VERY ABUNDANT. WERE VERY ABUNDANT.
>>IT WAS A DENSE POPULATION.>>IT WAS A DENSE POPULATION.
LOTS OF INDIVIDUAL HAIRS, BUT LOTS OF INDIVIDUAL HAIRS, BUT
LARGE INDIVIDUALS. LARGE INDIVIDUALS.
IT WAS VERY PRODUCTIVE AND IT IT WAS VERY PRODUCTIVE AND IT
SUPPORTED HUGE POPULATIONS OF SUPPORTED HUGE POPULATIONS OF
BEARS AT ONE TIME. BEARS AT ONE TIME.
>>GRIZZLIES ARE BROWN BEARS.>>GRIZZLIES ARE BROWN BEARS.
THE BROWN BEAR IS A SPECIES THAT THE BROWN BEAR IS A SPECIES THAT
OCCURS AROUND THE WORLD. OCCURS AROUND THE WORLD.
THEY ARE ALL OVER NORTH AMERICA. THEY ARE ALL OVER NORTH AMERICA.
IN CALIFORNIA, THEY WERE HERE IN CALIFORNIA, THEY WERE HERE
FOR MILLENNIA. FOR MILLENNIA.
THEY WERE INTENSIVELY HUNTED IN THEY WERE INTENSIVELY HUNTED IN
THE MIDDLE 1800S AND EARLY 20TH THE MIDDLE 1800S AND EARLY 20TH
CENTURY. CENTURY.
BY THE TEENS AND THE 20TH BY THE TEENS AND THE 20TH
CENTURY, THEY WERE GONE. CENTURY, THEY WERE GONE.
>>PART OF WHAT LED TO THE>>PART OF WHAT LED TO THE
GRIZZLY BEARS’DEMISE IN SOUTHERN GRIZZLY BEARS’DEMISE IN SOUTHERN
CALIFORNIA IS THAT IT ENJOYED CALIFORNIA IS THAT IT ENJOYED
MANY OF THE SAME ACTIVITIES THAT MANY OF THE SAME ACTIVITIES THAT
PEOPLE DID. PEOPLE DID.
IT WOULD GO FOR OCCASIONAL SWIMS IT WOULD GO FOR OCCASIONAL SWIMS
IN THE OCEAN. IN THE OCEAN.
IT WOULD HANG AROUND IN IT WOULD HANG AROUND IN
BEAUTIFUL FLOWER FILLED MEADOWS BEAUTIFUL FLOWER FILLED MEADOWS
AND ROLE IN THE GRASS. AND ROLE IN THE GRASS.
SO THE CHALLENGE IN ANY PROPOSAL SO THE CHALLENGE IN ANY PROPOSAL
TO REINTRODUCE THE GRIZZLY BEAR TO REINTRODUCE THE GRIZZLY BEAR
TO CALIFORNIA IS THE PRIME TO CALIFORNIA IS THE PRIME
HABITAT FOR THE BEARS IS WHERE HABITAT FOR THE BEARS IS WHERE
PEOPLE ARE NOW. PEOPLE ARE NOW.
>>TO HAVE SUCH A LARGE ANIMAL>>TO HAVE SUCH A LARGE ANIMAL
WITH SO MANY ROLES TO PLAY AND WITH SO MANY ROLES TO PLAY AND
THE ECHOES SYSTEM, TO HAVE THAT THE ECHOES SYSTEM, TO HAVE THAT
DISAPPEAR OVER A SHORT TIME, A DISAPPEAR OVER A SHORT TIME, A
FEW DECADES, IT HAD TO HAVE FEW DECADES, IT HAD TO HAVE
AFFECTED ALL SORTS OF SPECIES. AFFECTED ALL SORTS OF SPECIES.
WHEN WE REALIZED HOW IMPORTANT WHEN WE REALIZED HOW IMPORTANT
IT WAS, THEY WERE GONE. IT WAS, THEY WERE GONE. GRIZZLY BEARS HAVE A NORM IS GRIZZLY BEARS HAVE A NORM IS
CLAUSE. CLAUSE.
THEY ARE EXTRAORDINARILY STRONG. THEY ARE EXTRAORDINARILY STRONG.
WHEN THEY ARE HUNGRY, THEY USE WHEN THEY ARE HUNGRY, THEY USE
THOSE TOOLS TO ACCESS FOOD. THOSE TOOLS TO ACCESS FOOD.
THERE ARE LOTS OF EARLY ACCOUNTS THERE ARE LOTS OF EARLY ACCOUNTS
MADE BY EUROPEAN AND AMERICAN MADE BY EUROPEAN AND AMERICAN
SETTLERS AND VISITORS TO SETTLERS AND VISITORS TO
CALIFORNIA WERE THE DESCRIBE CALIFORNIA WERE THE DESCRIBE
OBSERVING GRIZZLIES DIGGING THAT OBSERVING GRIZZLIES DIGGING THAT
ASKED — VAST CACHES OF ASKED — VAST CACHES OF
GRASSLANDS, LOOKING FOR BUGS AND GRASSLANDS, LOOKING FOR BUGS AND
SQUIRRELS AND MICE THAT WERE SQUIRRELS AND MICE THAT WERE
PLENTIFUL. PLENTIFUL.
THEY WERE CREATING HUGE PATCHES THEY WERE CREATING HUGE PATCHES
OF DISTURBED SOIL THAT IN — OF DISTURBED SOIL THAT IN —
THAT NATIVE PLANTS HAD ADAPTED THAT NATIVE PLANTS HAD ADAPTED
TO. TO.
THE GRIZZLY WAS PART OF THE THE GRIZZLY WAS PART OF THE
NATURAL DISTURBANCE REGIME IN NATURAL DISTURBANCE REGIME IN
OUR LOCAL ENVIRONMENT. OUR LOCAL ENVIRONMENT.
>>ANOTHER PRESENCE THAT HAS>>ANOTHER PRESENCE THAT HAS
GREATLY TRANSFORMED OVER TIME IN GREATLY TRANSFORMED OVER TIME IN
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA IS FIRE. SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA IS FIRE.
FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS, FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS,
INDIGENOUS PEOPLE IN SOUTHERN INDIGENOUS PEOPLE IN SOUTHERN
CALIFORNIA CAREFULLY APPLIED CALIFORNIA CAREFULLY APPLIED
FIRE IN A MUCH DIFFERENT WAY. FIRE IN A MUCH DIFFERENT WAY.
PART OF THE RESULTS OF THEIR PART OF THE RESULTS OF THEIR
APPLICATION OF FIRE TO THE LAND, APPLICATION OF FIRE TO THE LAND,
IT’S VERY STRONGLY TIED TO THAT IT’S VERY STRONGLY TIED TO THAT
INTER-SPECIES RELATIONSHIP WITH INTER-SPECIES RELATIONSHIP WITH
GRIZZLY BEARS. GRIZZLY BEARS.
WHEN YOU APPLY FIRE IN THE RIGHT WHEN YOU APPLY FIRE IN THE RIGHT
WAY, YOU WILL GET MORE WATER WAY, YOU WILL GET MORE WATER
INTO A STREAM. INTO A STREAM.
FIRE APPLIED IN THE RIGHT WAY FIRE APPLIED IN THE RIGHT WAY
WILL INCREASE AND ACORN CROP WILL INCREASE AND ACORN CROP
FROM OAK TREES AND OTHER FOOD FROM OAK TREES AND OTHER FOOD
RESOURCES. RESOURCES.
FIRE WILL ALSO OPEN UP THE FIRE WILL ALSO OPEN UP THE
SPACES, SO THAT THE PEOPLE WILL SPACES, SO THAT THE PEOPLE WILL
SEE THE BEARS, FOR INSTANCE, AND SEE THE BEARS, FOR INSTANCE, AND
THE BEARS WILL SEE THE PEOPLE. THE BEARS WILL SEE THE PEOPLE.
SEEING EACH OTHER, STAYING OUT SEEING EACH OTHER, STAYING OUT
OF EACH OTHER’S WAY. OF EACH OTHER’S WAY.
FIRE IS A BIG PART OF WHAT MADE FIRE IS A BIG PART OF WHAT MADE
THAT POSSIBLE. THAT POSSIBLE.>>FOR MILLENNIA, THE>>FOR MILLENNIA, THE
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MANY RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MANY
INDIGENOUS PEOPLE AND BEARS WAS INDIGENOUS PEOPLE AND BEARS WAS
EXTREMELY CLOSE, TO THE POINT EXTREMELY CLOSE, TO THE POINT
WHERE THE TERM FOR BEAR WAS WHERE THE TERM FOR BEAR WAS
SOMETHING ALONG THE LINES OF, SOMETHING ALONG THE LINES OF,
GREAT-GRANDFATHER OR GREAT AUNT. GREAT-GRANDFATHER OR GREAT AUNT.
MANY OF THE STORIES PORTRAY, IN MANY OF THE STORIES PORTRAY, IN
FACT, PEOPLE BEING SO CLOSELY FACT, PEOPLE BEING SO CLOSELY
RELATED TO THE BEARS THAT PEOPLE RELATED TO THE BEARS THAT PEOPLE
COULD TRANSFORM INTO BEARS. COULD TRANSFORM INTO BEARS.
ONE OF THE QUOTATIONS THAT ONE OF THE QUOTATIONS THAT
CAUGHT MY ATTENTION WAS, AND CAUGHT MY ATTENTION WAS, AND
ELDER — AN ELDER. I KNOW PEOPLE ELDER — AN ELDER. I KNOW PEOPLE
CAN TURN INTO BEARS, BUT TO CAN TURN INTO BEARS, BUT TO
BELIEVE THAT, YOU HAVE TO BE AN BELIEVE THAT, YOU HAVE TO BE AN
INDIAN. INDIAN.
OK, SO WHAT IF I BELIEVE THAT? OK, SO WHAT IF I BELIEVE THAT?
WHERE WOULD IT TAKE ME? WHERE WOULD IT TAKE ME?
EDWARD GIFFORD WAS A PROTEGE OF EDWARD GIFFORD WAS A PROTEGE OF
THE FOUNDER OF CALIFORNIA THE FOUNDER OF CALIFORNIA
ANTHROPOLOGY. ANTHROPOLOGY.
I HAVE RUN INTO GIFFORD’S I HAVE RUN INTO GIFFORD’S
WRITINGS ABOUT THE BEAR-PEOPLE WRITINGS ABOUT THE BEAR-PEOPLE
WHO COULD TRANSFORM INTO BEARS. WHO COULD TRANSFORM INTO BEARS.
HE WILL SIMPLY SAY, THE MAN HE WILL SIMPLY SAY, THE MAN
BEGAN TO TURN INTO A BEAR, AND BEGAN TO TURN INTO A BEAR, AND
STARTED TO TAKE ON THE PHYSICAL STARTED TO TAKE ON THE PHYSICAL
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BEAR. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BEAR.
OR HE WOULD REPORT A STORY AT OR HE WOULD REPORT A STORY AT
FACE VALUE ABOUT A MAN FROM TO FACE VALUE ABOUT A MAN FROM TO
MACULA WHO TURNED INTO A BEAR MACULA WHO TURNED INTO A BEAR
AND WAS FLAYED BY COWBOYS WHO AND WAS FLAYED BY COWBOYS WHO
FOUND HIM. FOUND HIM.
THE COWBOYS LEFT HIM AND THE MAN THE COWBOYS LEFT HIM AND THE MAN
SIMPLY STEPPED OUT OF THE SKIN, SIMPLY STEPPED OUT OF THE SKIN,
OR TURNED BACK INTO A HUMAN AND OR TURNED BACK INTO A HUMAN AND
WALKED AWAY UNHARMED. WALKED AWAY UNHARMED.
IF YOU BELIEVE THE STORIES, WHAT IF YOU BELIEVE THE STORIES, WHAT
IT DOES IS, IT SHOWS YOU MUCH IT DOES IS, IT SHOWS YOU MUCH
MORE ABOUT THAT RELATIONSHIP, MORE ABOUT THAT RELATIONSHIP,
THAT CLOSE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THAT CLOSE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN
TWO DIFFERENT SPECIES ON A TWO DIFFERENT SPECIES ON A
COMMON LANDSCAPE. COMMON LANDSCAPE.>>AFTER THE ARRIVAL OF EUROPEAN>>AFTER THE ARRIVAL OF EUROPEAN
AND AMERICAN SETTLERS, THE BEARS AND AMERICAN SETTLERS, THE BEARS
BECAME COMPETITORS WITH HUMANS, BECAME COMPETITORS WITH HUMANS,
IN A WAY THAT THEY HADN’T IN A WAY THAT THEY HADN’T
COMPETED WITH HUMANS IN THE PAST COMPETED WITH HUMANS IN THE PAST
, WITH INDIGENOUS PEOPLE. , WITH INDIGENOUS PEOPLE.
SO THERE WAS A COMPETITION FOR SO THERE WAS A COMPETITION FOR
RESOURCES, AND BEARS PILFER PORK RESOURCES, AND BEARS PILFER PORK
AND BEEF AND HONEY AND ALL SORTS AND BEEF AND HONEY AND ALL SORTS
OF PRODUCE THAT THE FARMERS HAD OF PRODUCE THAT THE FARMERS HAD
INTENDED FOR OTHER CUSTOMERS. INTENDED FOR OTHER CUSTOMERS.
>>THE PREDATORS SUPPRESSION>>THE PREDATORS SUPPRESSION
MOVEMENT IS SOMETHING THAT BEGAN MOVEMENT IS SOMETHING THAT BEGAN
IN THE LATTER PART OF THE 19TH IN THE LATTER PART OF THE 19TH
CENTURY. CENTURY.
THERE WAS A LOT OF THINKING WE THERE WAS A LOT OF THINKING WE
COULD CONTROL NATURE, WE COULD COULD CONTROL NATURE, WE COULD
DOMINATE THE ENVIRONMENT FOR OUR DOMINATE THE ENVIRONMENT FOR OUR
HUMAN NEEDS BY ESTABLISHING HUMAN NEEDS BY ESTABLISHING
FARMS, RANCHES, AND THOSE FARMS, RANCHES, AND THOSE
ORGANISMS WERE REALLY NOT ORGANISMS WERE REALLY NOT
NECESSARY. NECESSARY.
SO THEY WERE HUNTED OUT IN GREAT SO THEY WERE HUNTED OUT IN GREAT
NUMBERS. NUMBERS.
>>WHAT A STRONG, FUN-LOVING>>WHAT A STRONG, FUN-LOVING
OMNIVORE HAD TO GO. OMNIVORE HAD TO GO.
IT WAS PRETTY CLEAR AT THE TIME IT WAS PRETTY CLEAR AT THE TIME
THAT IT WASN’T GOING TO BE THE THAT IT WASN’T GOING TO BE THE
HUMAN OMNIVORE, IT WOULD BE THE HUMAN OMNIVORE, IT WOULD BE THE
BEAR THAT HAD TO LEAVE. BEAR THAT HAD TO LEAVE.>>I DID VISIT THE SITE OF THE>>I DID VISIT THE SITE OF THE
KILLING OF THE LAST GRIZZLY BEAR KILLING OF THE LAST GRIZZLY BEAR
PRESENT IN WHAT IS NOW SAN DIEGO PRESENT IN WHAT IS NOW SAN DIEGO
COUNTY. COUNTY.
HENRY STEWART AND OTHERS HAD HENRY STEWART AND OTHERS HAD
BEEN PURSUING THE BEAR FOR SOME BEEN PURSUING THE BEAR FOR SOME
TIME, AND MANY PEOPLE HAD SEEN TIME, AND MANY PEOPLE HAD SEEN
IT AND IT WAS CALLED SIMPLY, THE IT AND IT WAS CALLED SIMPLY, THE
BIG BEAR. BIG BEAR.
AN APPROPRIATE NICKNAME FOR A AN APPROPRIATE NICKNAME FOR A
GIGANTIC THERE, ACTUALLY. GIGANTIC THERE, ACTUALLY.
IT IS A VERY DRAMATIC PLACE. IT IS A VERY DRAMATIC PLACE.
IT IS ACTUALLY ON TOP OF A IT IS ACTUALLY ON TOP OF A
HILLSIDE, JUST OUTSIDE OF CAMP HILLSIDE, JUST OUTSIDE OF CAMP
PENDLETON, THE MARINE CORPS BASE PENDLETON, THE MARINE CORPS BASE
ON NATIONAL FOREST LAND. ON NATIONAL FOREST LAND.
AT THE TIME, IT STRUCK ME AS A AT THE TIME, IT STRUCK ME AS A
LONELY PLACE. LONELY PLACE.
SO I WAS IMAGINING THE FIGHTS — SO I WAS IMAGINING THE FIGHTS —
THE SIGHTS AND SOUNDS THAT HAD THE SIGHTS AND SOUNDS THAT HAD
BEEN THERE BACK IN THE DAY, BEEN THERE BACK IN THE DAY,
THINKING THAT IT FELT AS THOUGH THINKING THAT IT FELT AS THOUGH
THERE WAS SOMETHING MISSING. THERE WAS SOMETHING MISSING.
THERE WAS A MISSING PRESENCE. THERE WAS A MISSING PRESENCE.
THAT HAD ONCE BEEN THERE, AND A THAT HAD ONCE BEEN THERE, AND A
VERY STRONG PRESENCE THAT WAS NO VERY STRONG PRESENCE THAT WAS NO
LONGER THERE. LONGER THERE.
>>THINKING ABOUT WHAT IT MEANS>>THINKING ABOUT WHAT IT MEANS
TO BE WILD IS A DEFINITION THAT TO BE WILD IS A DEFINITION THAT
IS CONSTANTLY CHANGING. IS CONSTANTLY CHANGING.
FROM THE TIME THAT GRIZZLIES FROM THE TIME THAT GRIZZLIES
WERE HERE, THAT WAS CERTAINLY WERE HERE, THAT WAS CERTAINLY
WILD. WILD.
NOW THAT THEY ARE GONE, WE HAVE NOW THAT THEY ARE GONE, WE HAVE
LOST SOMETHING WILD ABOUT THE LOST SOMETHING WILD ABOUT THE
ENVIRONMENT. ENVIRONMENT.
>>I THINK AFTER READING STORIES>>I THINK AFTER READING STORIES
AND LISTENING TO STORIES, AND LISTENING TO STORIES,
TALKING WITH NATIVE PEOPLE WHO TALKING WITH NATIVE PEOPLE WHO
TELL STORIES ABOUT GRIZZLY TELL STORIES ABOUT GRIZZLY
BEARS, THAT PEOPLE LOST A BEARS, THAT PEOPLE LOST A
RELATIVE, LOST A FAMILY MEMBER. RELATIVE, LOST A FAMILY MEMBER.
ANYWAY, IT IS A FEAR OF OUR OWN ANYWAY, IT IS A FEAR OF OUR OWN
MORTALITY. MORTALITY.
I THINK THAT IS WHAT HAPPENED IN I THINK THAT IS WHAT HAPPENED IN
THE LATE 19TH AND EARLY 20TH THE LATE 19TH AND EARLY 20TH
CENTURY, IS THAT PEOPLE NO CENTURY, IS THAT PEOPLE NO
LONGER HAD A NEED FOR THE BEAR LONGER HAD A NEED FOR THE BEAR
IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA. IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA.
NATHAN: NATURAL FORCES CONTINUE NATHAN: NATURAL FORCES CONTINUE
TO SHAPE THE REGION. TO SHAPE THE REGION.
NATURE HAS A WAY OF MAKING ITS NATURE HAS A WAY OF MAKING ITS
PRESENCE FELT. PRESENCE FELT.
EARTHQUAKES REMIND US ABOUT THE EARTHQUAKES REMIND US ABOUT THE
BOUNDARY BETWEEN TECTONIC BOUNDARY BETWEEN TECTONIC
PLATES. PLATES.
THE GROUT, THAT WE LIVE IN SEMI THE GROUT, THAT WE LIVE IN SEMI
DESERT. DESERT.
THE SANTA ANA WINDS, AS JOAN THE SANTA ANA WINDS, AS JOAN
DIDION WROTE, JUST HOW CLOSE TO DIDION WROTE, JUST HOW CLOSE TO
THE EDGE WE LIVE. THE EDGE WE LIVE.
THE STORY OF THE DEVIL WINS, THE THE STORY OF THE DEVIL WINS, THE
PRICE LOS ANGELES PAYS FOR PRICE LOS ANGELES PAYS FOR
NEAR-PERFECT WEATHER. NEAR-PERFECT WEATHER.>>IT WAS A ROUGH DESERT WIND>>IT WAS A ROUGH DESERT WIND
BLOWING INTO LOS ANGELES THAT BLOWING INTO LOS ANGELES THAT
EVENING. EVENING.
IT WAS ONE OF THOSE HOT, DRY IT WAS ONE OF THOSE HOT, DRY
SANTA ANA WINDS THAT COME DOWN SANTA ANA WINDS THAT COME DOWN
FROM THE MOUND PASSES AND CURL FROM THE MOUND PASSES AND CURL
YOUR HAIR, MAKE YOUR NERVES JUMP YOUR HAIR, MAKE YOUR NERVES JUMP
AND YOUR SKIN ITCH. AND YOUR SKIN ITCH.
EVERYBODY ENDS UP IN A FIGHT. EVERYBODY ENDS UP IN A FIGHT.
WIVES FEEL THE EDGE OF A CARVING WIVES FEEL THE EDGE OF A CARVING
KNIFE. KNIFE.
ANYTHING CAN HAPPEN WHEN THE ANYTHING CAN HAPPEN WHEN THE
SANTA ANA BLOWS AND FROM THE SANTA ANA BLOWS AND FROM THE
DESERT. DESERT.
— BLOWS IN FROM THE DESERT. — BLOWS IN FROM THE DESERT.
>>PEOPLE ARGUE MORE.>>PEOPLE ARGUE MORE.
EVEN THE SUICIDE RATE RISES EVEN THE SUICIDE RATE RISES
DURING THE MONTHS OF THE SANTA DURING THE MONTHS OF THE SANTA
ANA. ANA.
THE DEVIL WIND. THE DEVIL WIND.
>>PEOPLE HAVE BEEN AFFECTED BY>>PEOPLE HAVE BEEN AFFECTED BY
THE WIND AS LONG AS THERE HAVE THE WIND AS LONG AS THERE HAVE
BEEN PEOPLE HERE. BEEN PEOPLE HERE.
>>WHEN THE SANTA ANA BLOWS, ALL>>WHEN THE SANTA ANA BLOWS, ALL
BETS ARE OFF. BETS ARE OFF.
>>THE SANTA ANA HAS BLOWING.>>THE SANTA ANA HAS BLOWING.
>>I DON’T KNOW WHAT IT IS.>>I DON’T KNOW WHAT IT IS.
I HAVEN’T BEEN MYSELF ALL DAY. I HAVEN’T BEEN MYSELF ALL DAY.
>>IF NO ONE WARNED YOU, YOU>>IF NO ONE WARNED YOU, YOU
WOULD BE A LITTLE SCARED. WOULD BE A LITTLE SCARED.
IT IS HOT. IT IS HOT.
IT IS DRY. IT IS DRY.
IT CAN BE DIFFICULT TO BREATHE. IT CAN BE DIFFICULT TO BREATHE.
NONE OF THOSE CONDITIONS. NONE OF THOSE CONDITIONS.
I LIKE THEM, BECAUSE I LIKE SAD I LIKE THEM, BECAUSE I LIKE SAD
WEATHER. WEATHER.
>>WARMER ALL THE WAY AROUND.>>WARMER ALL THE WAY AROUND.
FEELS UNCOMFORTABLE. FEELS UNCOMFORTABLE.
>>THE SANTANA WINDS, THEY ARE>>THE SANTANA WINDS, THEY ARE
JUST LIKE HOT AIR. JUST LIKE HOT AIR.
THEY ARE WARM. THEY ARE WARM.
>>I WAS DRIVING IN MY>>I WAS DRIVING IN MY
CONVERTIBLE. CONVERTIBLE.
THE SAWDUST FROM THE DEBRIS GETS THE SAWDUST FROM THE DEBRIS GETS
IN THE EYES. IN THE EYES.
>>MY EYES, MY SINUSES.>>MY EYES, MY SINUSES.
>>I HAVE ASTHMA.>>I HAVE ASTHMA.
>>I THINK IT MAKES PEOPLE A>>I THINK IT MAKES PEOPLE A
LITTLE LUPE. LITTLE LUPE.
>>I REALLY GET ANNOYED EASILY.>>I REALLY GET ANNOYED EASILY.
AND I GET MAD. AND I GET MAD.
>>WHAT I THINK ABOUT THE SANTA>>WHAT I THINK ABOUT THE SANTA
ANA WINDS? ANA WINDS?
ANYTHING THAT IS NAMED AFTER ANYTHING THAT IS NAMED AFTER
MYSELF, I MUST LIKE IT A LITTLE MYSELF, I MUST LIKE IT A LITTLE
BIT, RIGHT? BIT, RIGHT?
X WHEN AIR DESCENDS FROM THE X WHEN AIR DESCENDS FROM THE
GREAT BASIN AT SEA LEVEL, THE GREAT BASIN AT SEA LEVEL, THE
INCREASING AMOUNT OF AIR ABOVE INCREASING AMOUNT OF AIR ABOVE
IT CREATES PRESSURE. IT CREATES PRESSURE.
THIS PRESSURE DECREASES THE THIS PRESSURE DECREASES THE
HUMIDITY AS THEY ARE FUNNELED HUMIDITY AS THEY ARE FUNNELED
THROUGH THE MOUNTAIN PASSES, THROUGH THE MOUNTAIN PASSES,
GAINING SPEED AND DESTRUCTIVE GAINING SPEED AND DESTRUCTIVE
POWER. POWER.
>>THE SANTA ANA WINDS.>>THE SANTA ANA WINDS.
>>LOCAL LORE OFFERS SEVERAL>>LOCAL LORE OFFERS SEVERAL
EXPLANATIONS FOR HOW THE WIND EXPLANATIONS FOR HOW THE WIND
GOT ITS NAME. GOT ITS NAME.
ONE HOLDS THAT THE NAME FINDS ONE HOLDS THAT THE NAME FINDS
ITS ORIGINS IN A NATIVE AMERICAN ITS ORIGINS IN A NATIVE AMERICAN
WORD FOR WIND, WHICH SPANISH WORD FOR WIND, WHICH SPANISH
MISSIONARIES, DETECTING AN EVIL MISSIONARIES, DETECTING AN EVIL
PRESENCE IN THE WIND, LIKENED PRESENCE IN THE WIND, LIKENED
ITS SIMILARITIES TO SATAN. ITS SIMILARITIES TO SATAN.
SCHOLARS WHO STUDY NATIVE SCHOLARS WHO STUDY NATIVE
AMERICAN LANGUAGES INSIST THERE AMERICAN LANGUAGES INSIST THERE
WAS NO SUCH WORD. WAS NO SUCH WORD.
WHEN CAMPING IN PRESENT-DAY WHEN CAMPING IN PRESENT-DAY
ORANGE COUNTY IN 1769, AND ORANGE COUNTY IN 1769, AND
EXPEDITION SUPPOSEDLY EXPEDITION SUPPOSEDLY
ENCOUNTERED A FIERCE WINDSTORM ENCOUNTERED A FIERCE WINDSTORM
ON ST. ANNE’S DAY. ON ST. ANNE’S DAY.
ANOTHER SUGGESTS ANTONIO LOPEZ ANOTHER SUGGESTS ANTONIO LOPEZ
DAY SANTA ANA AS THE ORIGIN. DAY SANTA ANA AS THE ORIGIN.
GENERAL SANTA ANA NEVER ENTERED GENERAL SANTA ANA NEVER ENTERED
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, AND HE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, AND HE
SPELLED — HE SPELLED HIS NAME SPELLED — HE SPELLED HIS NAME
WITH TWO N’S. IT DERIVES FROM WITH TWO N’S. IT DERIVES FROM
SANTA ANA CANYON, WHERE THE SANTA ANA CANYON, WHERE THE
SANTA ANA RIVER AND THE SANTA ANA RIVER AND THE
RIVERSIDE 91 FREEWAY LEVERED RIVERSIDE 91 FREEWAY LEVERED
VERSAILLES COUNTY AND ENTERS VERSAILLES COUNTY AND ENTERS
ORANGE COUNTY. ORANGE COUNTY.
IT WAS NOT UNTIL 1880 WHEN THE IT WAS NOT UNTIL 1880 WHEN THE
EARLIEST KNOWN USE OF THE NAME EARLIEST KNOWN USE OF THE NAME
SANTA ANA APPEARED IN AN ARTICLE SANTA ANA APPEARED IN AN ARTICLE
IN THE LOS ANGELES EVENING IN THE LOS ANGELES EVENING
EXPRESS. EXPRESS.>>THE RANCHERS, THE HOMEOWNERS,>>THE RANCHERS, THE HOMEOWNERS,
THE FARMERS, WAKE. THE FARMERS, WAKE.
170 MEN ARE FIGHTING THE FIRE. 170 MEN ARE FIGHTING THE FIRE.
THE FIRE IS WINNING. THE FIRE IS WINNING.
>>GO, GO, GO.>>GO, GO, GO.
>>IF YOU HAVE EVER EXPERIENCED>>IF YOU HAVE EVER EXPERIENCED
THE SANTA ANA WITH FIRE, IT IS THE SANTA ANA WITH FIRE, IT IS
SOMETHING YOU WILL NEVER FORGET. SOMETHING YOU WILL NEVER FORGET.
[SIRENS] [SIRENS]
>>YOU HAVE HOT ASH, DIRT,>>YOU HAVE HOT ASH, DIRT,
ROCKS, PIECES OF BRUSH BLOWING ROCKS, PIECES OF BRUSH BLOWING
INTO YOUR EYES. INTO YOUR EYES.
EMBERS THAT ARE PELTING YOUR EMBERS THAT ARE PELTING YOUR
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING. PROTECTIVE CLOTHING.
THE WINDS ARE JUST THAT STRONG. THE WINDS ARE JUST THAT STRONG.
THE HUMIDITY IS JUST THAT LOW. THE HUMIDITY IS JUST THAT LOW.
THE VEGETATION IS JUST THAT THE VEGETATION IS JUST THAT
RIDE. RIDE.
IT IS CHAOS. IT IS CHAOS.
ABSOLUTE CHAOS. ABSOLUTE CHAOS.
>>WINS WHIPPING IN MULTIPLE>>WINS WHIPPING IN MULTIPLE
DIRECTIONS. DIRECTIONS.
HUNDREDS OF ACRES BURNING. HUNDREDS OF ACRES BURNING.
>>THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE PACKED UP>>THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE PACKED UP
AND GOT OUT. AND GOT OUT.
>>THE SANTA ANA WINDS, SCARY>>THE SANTA ANA WINDS, SCARY
STUFF. STUFF.
ASK NOTHING INFLUENCES FIRE MORE ASK NOTHING INFLUENCES FIRE MORE
THAN WIND. THAN WIND.
ALREADY, 50, 60 MILE PER HOUR ALREADY, 50, 60 MILE PER HOUR
SUSTAINED GUSTS, 80-90 MILES PER SUSTAINED GUSTS, 80-90 MILES PER
HOUR. HOUR.
YOU CAN’T STOP THAT FIRE. YOU CAN’T STOP THAT FIRE.
>>THE RATE OF SPREAD WE SEE IN>>THE RATE OF SPREAD WE SEE IN
A SANTA ANA FIRE ARE A SANTA ANA FIRE ARE
UNIMAGINABLE. UNIMAGINABLE.
IT IS NOT UNCOMMON FOR FIRES TO IT IS NOT UNCOMMON FOR FIRES TO
SPREAD IN THE EARLY STAGES OF SPREAD IN THE EARLY STAGES OF
FIRE, 4-6 SQUARE MILES WITHIN AN FIRE, 4-6 SQUARE MILES WITHIN AN
HOUR. HOUR.
>>I THINK THE MOST DANGEROUS>>I THINK THE MOST DANGEROUS
PART OF A SANTA ANA DRIVEN FIRE PART OF A SANTA ANA DRIVEN FIRE
IS THE CITIZENS. IS THE CITIZENS.
>>WE WERE SURE THAT WE WOULDN’T>>WE WERE SURE THAT WE WOULDN’T
BE IN THE FLAMES UNTIL THE LAST BE IN THE FLAMES UNTIL THE LAST
MINUTE. MINUTE.
THE FIRE WAS ON THE HILLSIDE. THE FIRE WAS ON THE HILLSIDE.
ALL OF A SUDDEN, THE HILL WAS A ALL OF A SUDDEN, THE HILL WAS A
MASS OF FLAMES. MASS OF FLAMES.
WE RAN FOR OUR LIVES. WE RAN FOR OUR LIVES.
>>SOME PEOPLE THINK THEY WILL>>SOME PEOPLE THINK THEY WILL
STAY AND SAY THEIR HOUSE. STAY AND SAY THEIR HOUSE.
THEN, THEY SEE WHAT THEY ARE UP THEN, THEY SEE WHAT THEY ARE UP
AGAINST. AGAINST.
THEY HAVE SEEN — THEY HAVE THEY HAVE SEEN — THEY HAVE
STAYED PAST THE POINT OF NO STAYED PAST THE POINT OF NO
RETURN. RETURN.
A SANTA ANA WIND DRIVEN FIRE IS A SANTA ANA WIND DRIVEN FIRE IS
THE ONLY FIREBREAK THAT WORKS IS THE ONLY FIREBREAK THAT WORKS IS
THE PACIFIC OCEAN. THE PACIFIC OCEAN.
>>ASKS SURFERS AND THEY WILL>>ASKS SURFERS AND THEY WILL
TELL YOU THAT SOME OF THEIR BEST TELL YOU THAT SOME OF THEIR BEST
WAVES WERE ACTUALLY DURING THE WAVES WERE ACTUALLY DURING THE
FIRES. FIRES.
THE SMOKE WAS SO THICK, YOU THE SMOKE WAS SO THICK, YOU
COULD BARELY BREATHE. COULD BARELY BREATHE.
IT IS THIS GUILTY PARADOXICAL IT IS THIS GUILTY PARADOXICAL
PLEASURE, KNOWING THAT YOUR PLEASURE, KNOWING THAT YOUR
PERFECT WAVES ARE COMING AT THE PERFECT WAVES ARE COMING AT THE
EXPENSE OF DESTRUCTION. EXPENSE OF DESTRUCTION.
THE SANTA ANAS ALTHOUGH THEY ARE THE SANTA ANAS ALTHOUGH THEY ARE
CALLED THE DEVIL WINS, THEY ARE CALLED THE DEVIL WINS, THEY ARE
PRETTY DARN ANGELIC FOR SERVERS. PRETTY DARN ANGELIC FOR SERVERS.
WHEN THE SANTA ANNA’S COMING WHEN THE SANTA ANNA’S COMING
INTO TOWN, EVERYBODY GETS ON THE INTO TOWN, EVERYBODY GETS ON THE
PHONE. PHONE.
YOU HEAR THERE IS A SANTA ANA YOU HEAR THERE IS A SANTA ANA
COMING IN? COMING IN?
IT WILL BE GOOD. IT WILL BE GOOD.
>>YOU CAN’T EXPECT TO WORK.>>YOU CAN’T EXPECT TO WORK.
IT IS TIME TO GO TO THE BEACH IT IS TIME TO GO TO THE BEACH
QUICK. QUICK.
>>THE NORMAL WIND IS THE WEST>>THE NORMAL WIND IS THE WEST
WIND, COMING FROM THE OCEAN. WIND, COMING FROM THE OCEAN.
THE SEA BREEZE. THE SEA BREEZE.
THE WEST WIND MAKES THE WAVES THE WEST WIND MAKES THE WAVES
CRUMBLE. CRUMBLE.
IT RUINS THE SHAPE. IT RUINS THE SHAPE.
A SANTA ANA WINDS, THE WAVES A SANTA ANA WINDS, THE WAVES
APPROACHING AND IT GETS HIT WITH APPROACHING AND IT GETS HIT WITH
A FORCE FROM THE LAND. A FORCE FROM THE LAND.
THAT KEEPS THE WAVE UP. THAT KEEPS THE WAVE UP.
IT CREATES A TWO OR A BARREL. IT CREATES A TWO OR A BARREL.
— A TUBE OR A BARREL. — A TUBE OR A BARREL.
>>IT IS UNDESCRIBABLE.>>IT IS UNDESCRIBABLE.
>>SERVERS REALLY HOPE –>>SERVERS REALLY HOPE —
SURFERS REALLY HOPE FOR THAT. SURFERS REALLY HOPE FOR THAT.
>>KIDS DRAW PICTURES OF THEM ON>>KIDS DRAW PICTURES OF THEM ON
THEIR NOTEBOOKS. THEIR NOTEBOOKS.
>>IT IS SPECTACULAR.>>IT IS SPECTACULAR.
>>TODAY’S CONDITIONS WERE>>TODAY’S CONDITIONS WERE
LOUSY. LOUSY.
IF IT WAS THE SAME SORT OF IF IT WAS THE SAME SORT OF
CONDITIONS WITH A SANTA ANA, CONDITIONS WITH A SANTA ANA,
THERE WOULD BE 100 PEOPLE OUT ON THERE WOULD BE 100 PEOPLE OUT ON
THE SAME STRETCH OF BEACH. THE SAME STRETCH OF BEACH.
>>DEAR SANTA ANA WINDS, SEND ME>>DEAR SANTA ANA WINDS, SEND ME
SOFT, GUSTY, OFFSHORE WINDS AND SOFT, GUSTY, OFFSHORE WINDS AND
HOPEFULLY, YOU WILL GIVE ME A HOPEFULLY, YOU WILL GIVE ME A
BARREL. BARREL.
>>AS SOON AS YOU ARE OUT OF THE>>AS SOON AS YOU ARE OUT OF THE
WATER. WATER.>>THERE IS SOMETHING UNEASY IN>>THERE IS SOMETHING UNEASY IN
THE LOS ANGELES AREA THIS THE LOS ANGELES AREA THIS
AFTERNOON. AFTERNOON.
SOME UNNATURAL THING, SOME SOME UNNATURAL THING, SOME
TENSION. TENSION.
>>THE BABY FRETS.>>THE BABY FRETS.
THE MAID SULKS. THE MAID SULKS.
I REKINDLE A WINNING ARGUMENT I REKINDLE A WINNING ARGUMENT
WITH THE TELEPHONE COMPANY, AND WITH THE TELEPHONE COMPANY, AND
CUT MY LOSSES AND LIE DOWN. CUT MY LOSSES AND LIE DOWN.
I GIVE IT OVER TO WHATEVER IS IN I GIVE IT OVER TO WHATEVER IS IN
THE AIR. THE AIR.
LOS ANGELES WEATHER IS THE LOS ANGELES WEATHER IS THE
WEATHER OF CATASTROPHE. WEATHER OF CATASTROPHE.
OF APOCALYPSE. OF APOCALYPSE.
OF VIOLENCE, THE OF VIOLENCE, THE
UNPREDICTABILITY OF SANTA ANA. UNPREDICTABILITY OF SANTA ANA.
IT AFFECTS THE ENTIRE QUALITY OF IT AFFECTS THE ENTIRE QUALITY OF
LIFE. LIFE.
IT ACCENTUATES HIM PERMANENCE — IT ACCENTUATES HIM PERMANENCE —
IMPERMANENCE. IMPERMANENCE.
IT IS UNRELIABILITY. IT IS UNRELIABILITY.
THE WIND SHOWS US JUST HOW CLOSE THE WIND SHOWS US JUST HOW CLOSE
TO THE EDGE WE ARE. TO THE EDGE WE ARE. [CAPTIONS MADE POSSIBLE BY KCET [CAPTIONS MADE POSSIBLE BY KCET
TELEVISION] TELEVISION]


31 thoughts on “S1 E1: Wild L.A.

  1. I've always loved reading Nathan Master's articles, and I love the whole idea behind this show. I will definitely watch. Will all the episodes be available online?

  2. I had no idea that Grizzly bears were extinct. Even after seeing one of the preserved specimens at the Natural History Museum and reading that they were extinct, I still could not believe it. I thought it must have been a mistake that was typed on the description. I learned so much from this episode, it made me so incredibly sad to learn about the demise of the grizzly bear but so happy that there is a program like this to educate us. I hope this show comes back for a second season.

  3. It's so easy to see how intelligent the native peoples were as compared to the Europeans. Europeans since the first day they landed in North America have been complete idiots in everything they've done. And we are still living with the stupidity of our European history in America.

  4. This is a great series! Will there ever be an episode on Griffith Park, the 110 fwy and the effect Disney had in the Los Feliz/Silverlake Lake/Burbank/Glendale areas? U know California adventure is designed after the mentioned cities! And Disneyland was initially going to be set where the Buena Vista studios are now, before they found the orange grove in Anaheim!
    I’ve done a lot of beautification and conservation work throughout the LA basin and SGV water shed! I love our history!

  5. My 1982 book "Los Angeles: a History of the Future" describes how the city can regain balance with nature: http://paulglover.org/lahofbook.html

  6. such a contradiction how California has a grizzly on their state flag…. but drove them to go instinct in their state.

  7. I'm from imperial beach California and I get some Santa ana winds, I think maybe, but I call them Kona winds, that's wierd

  8. 🌿🌿 I'll take Santa Anas over Authoritarian-Biz-Gov any day thank you very much. 🌿🌿✌👀🍷

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