Streptococcus agalactiae (group B strep)- causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
12
February

Streptococcus agalactiae (group B strep)- causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! With Streptococcus agalactiae sometimes called Strep agalactiae, strepto means a chain, coccus means round shape, and agalactiae literally means […]


Influenza – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
29
January

Influenza – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Influenza, the virus that causes the flu, is one of the most common infectious diseases. Now, there are three […]


Introduction to the immune system
22
January

Introduction to the immune system

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Despite being surrounded by harmful microorganisms, toxins, and the threat of our own cells turning into tumor cells, humans […]


Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
12
December

Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , /

The ear can be broken into three sections. The first is the outer ear which is the part you see called the pinna as well as the ear canal. Next is the middle ear, which is a tiny chamber that houses the tiny ear bones—the malleus, incus, and stapes. And finally there’s the inner ear, […]


Type IV hypersensitivity (cell-mediated) – causes, symptoms, treatment & pathology
10
December

Type IV hypersensitivity (cell-mediated) – causes, symptoms, treatment & pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Having a hypersensitivity means that someone’s immune system has reacted to something in such a way that it ends […]


Myelodysplastic syndromes – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
14
November

Myelodysplastic syndromes – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Myelodysplastic syndromes, or MDS, are a group of rare blood disorders associated with faulty development of blood cells in the bone marrow. MDS can affect individuals of all ages, but it’s more common after the age of 60. Blood cells develop from hematopoietic stem cells, through a process called hematopoiesis. This involves a number of […]


Bullous pemphigoid – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
20
October

Bullous pemphigoid – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Bullous pemphigoid is an autoimmune skin disease that causes the skin to form bullae or blisters. Now, the skin is divided into three layers–the epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis. The epidermis forms the thin outermost layer of skin. Underneath, is the thicker dermis layer, and finally, there’s the hypodermis that anchors the skin to the underlying […]


CIP Mini Lessons: What is Cystic Fibrosis?
19
October

CIP Mini Lessons: What is Cystic Fibrosis?

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , /

Cystic fibrosis is an autosomal recessive condition where there is an abnormality in the transport of sodium chloride across cell membranes. There are more than 1,700 mutations of the cystic fibrosis gene. More than 1,000 new cases are diagnosed each year. Screening for the carrier state of cystic fibrosis is a genetic test that is […]


Stroke | Nucleus Health
15
October

Stroke | Nucleus Health

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , /

A stroke occurs when the blood flow in part of your brain is blocked. After just a few minutes, the starved brain cells begin to die. Normally, the brain receives blood via two major pairs of arteries, which branch throughout brain tissue, and supply your brain cells with a constant flow of oxygen, glucose, and […]


Monosodium glutamate
14
October

Monosodium glutamate

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Savory foods are inherently delicious—but have you ever wondered why? In 1908, a Japanese professor pondered this question when exploring what made kelp broth taste so good. He recognized a unique taste in it, that was different from the four well-known tastes of sweet, sour, bitter, and salty. It turns out that glutamate, an amino […]