Type IV hypersensitivity (cell-mediated) – causes, symptoms, treatment & pathology
10
December

Type IV hypersensitivity (cell-mediated) – causes, symptoms, treatment & pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Having a hypersensitivity means that someone’s immune system has reacted to something in such a way that it ends […]


Myelodysplastic syndromes – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
14
November

Myelodysplastic syndromes – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Myelodysplastic syndromes, or MDS, are a group of rare blood disorders associated with faulty development of blood cells in the bone marrow. MDS can affect individuals of all ages, but it’s more common after the age of 60. Blood cells develop from hematopoietic stem cells, through a process called hematopoiesis. This involves a number of […]


Bullous pemphigoid – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
20
October

Bullous pemphigoid – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Bullous pemphigoid is an autoimmune skin disease that causes the skin to form bullae or blisters. Now, the skin is divided into three layers–the epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis. The epidermis forms the thin outermost layer of skin. Underneath, is the thicker dermis layer, and finally, there’s the hypodermis that anchors the skin to the underlying […]


CIP Mini Lessons: What is Cystic Fibrosis?
19
October

CIP Mini Lessons: What is Cystic Fibrosis?

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , /

Cystic fibrosis is an autosomal recessive condition where there is an abnormality in the transport of sodium chloride across cell membranes. There are more than 1,700 mutations of the cystic fibrosis gene. More than 1,000 new cases are diagnosed each year. Screening for the carrier state of cystic fibrosis is a genetic test that is […]


Stroke | Nucleus Health
15
October

Stroke | Nucleus Health

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , /

A stroke occurs when the blood flow in part of your brain is blocked. After just a few minutes, the starved brain cells begin to die. Normally, the brain receives blood via two major pairs of arteries, which branch throughout brain tissue, and supply your brain cells with a constant flow of oxygen, glucose, and […]


Monosodium glutamate
14
October

Monosodium glutamate

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Savory foods are inherently delicious—but have you ever wondered why? In 1908, a Japanese professor pondered this question when exploring what made kelp broth taste so good. He recognized a unique taste in it, that was different from the four well-known tastes of sweet, sour, bitter, and salty. It turns out that glutamate, an amino […]


Rhinovirus – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
11
October

Rhinovirus – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Human Rhinovirus (HRV) is a communicable, infectious virus that causes inflammation of the nasal mucosa, or rhinitis. It mainly […]


Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome
11
October

Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is also called eczema-thrombocytopenia-immunodeficiency syndrome. So, one by one, there’s eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, which is characterized by dry red patches arising on the skin. There’s a type of thrombocytopenia called microthrombocytopenia because not only are there very few platelets, but the platelets are also small in size. And there’s a problem […]


Syphilis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
11
October

Syphilis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Treponema pallidum can be considered a gram-negative bacterium although its cell envelope differs from other gram-negative bacteria. T. pallidum […]


An Osmosis Video: Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Explained
10
October

An Osmosis Video: Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Explained

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , /

Heart failure’s used to describe a point at which the heart can’t supply enough blood to meet the body’s demands. This can happen in two ways, either the heart’s ventricles can’t pump blood hard enough during systole, called systolic heart failure, or not enough blood fills the ventricles during diastole, called diastolic heart failure. In […]