Monosodium glutamate
14
October

Monosodium glutamate

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Savory foods are inherently delicious—but have you ever wondered why? In 1908, a Japanese professor pondered this question when exploring what made kelp broth taste so good. He recognized a unique taste in it, that was different from the four well-known tastes of sweet, sour, bitter, and salty. It turns out that glutamate, an amino […]


Rhinovirus – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
11
October

Rhinovirus – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Human Rhinovirus (HRV) is a communicable, infectious virus that causes inflammation of the nasal mucosa, or rhinitis. It mainly […]


Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome
11
October

Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is also called eczema-thrombocytopenia-immunodeficiency syndrome. So, one by one, there’s eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, which is characterized by dry red patches arising on the skin. There’s a type of thrombocytopenia called microthrombocytopenia because not only are there very few platelets, but the platelets are also small in size. And there’s a problem […]


Syphilis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
11
October

Syphilis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Treponema pallidum can be considered a gram-negative bacterium although its cell envelope differs from other gram-negative bacteria. T. pallidum […]


An Osmosis Video: Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Explained
10
October

An Osmosis Video: Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Explained

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , /

Heart failure’s used to describe a point at which the heart can’t supply enough blood to meet the body’s demands. This can happen in two ways, either the heart’s ventricles can’t pump blood hard enough during systole, called systolic heart failure, or not enough blood fills the ventricles during diastole, called diastolic heart failure. In […]


Using an Inhaler
10
October

Using an Inhaler

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , /

Inhalers are small devices that deliver medications like bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory drugs to the lungs. Zooming in a little bit, bronchodilators open up the airways, allowing more air to flow into the lungs, and anti-inflammatory drugs reduce inflammation and swelling in the lungs. The first major class of inhalers is a metered dose inhaler. Metered […]


Eczema (atopic dermatitis) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
09
October

Eczema (atopic dermatitis) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , /

Atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema is a skin rash that’s particularly common among young children, but can last into adulthood. “Atopic” refers to an allergy, “derm” refers to the skin, and “itis” refers to inflammation. So atopic dermatitis describes skin inflammation that results from an allergy, more specifically, it happens when the immune system attacks […]


Lung cancer – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
09
October

Lung cancer – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Lung cancer, or lung carcinoma, is the uncontrolled division of epithelial cells which line the respiratory tract. There are […]


Pneumonia – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Pneumonia is an infection in the lung tissue caused by microbes, and the result is inflammation. The inflammation brings water into the lung tissue, and that extra water can make it harder to breathe. During inhalation, air reaches your lungs by traveling down your trachea, then it continues through the bronchi and the bronchioles and […]


Can a positive mindset help treat peanut allergies?

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , /

Peanut allergies are a common and severe type of food allergy. In people who are allergic, peanuts can cause skin reactions, itching in the mouth and throat, digestive problems, shortness of breath, and even anaphylaxis, which requires a shot of adrenaline with an EpiPen and a trip to the emergency room. A promising treatment for […]