What causes heartburn? – Rusha Modi
30
August

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , , /


Just between your chest and abdomen is where you’ll find one of the most
important muscles you probably didn’t know you had: the lower esophageal sphincter, or LES. When functioning properly, this ring of tissue plays a crucial
role in helping us eat. But when the LES malfunctions, it becomes the main player in heartburn –a searing, sometimes sour-tasting
chest-spasm that many people will experience
at some point in their lives. We know that humans have
been battling heartburn for hundreds, if not thousands of years. But recently the incidence has risen, making it a common stomach
complaint worldwide. When the symptoms of heartburn become more
more regular and intense —such as twice a week or more– it’s diagnosed as Gastroesophageal
Reflux Disease, or GERD. But what causes this problem, and how can it be stopped? Heartburn starts in an area called the gastroesophageal junction,
where the LES resides. This smooth, muscular ring of the LES is moderated by an intricate
tree of nerve roots that connect to the brain,
the heart, and the lungs. After food enters the stomach
from the esophagus, the muscle’s task is to stop it from surging back up again. The LES contracts, squeezing
the stomach entrance and creating a high pressure zone that prevents digestive acids
from seeping out. But if the LES relaxes at the
wrong moment or gradually weakens, it becomes like a faulty, ill-fitting lid, causing the area to depressurize. That allows burning stomach acid– and even chunks of food–to spurt into the esophagus, sometimes going
as far up as the mouth. The cause of all this internal drama has long been put down to diet. Foods like caffeine and peppermint contain ingredients that may have a
relaxing affect on the LES, which makes it incapable of doing its job. Other acidic foods,
like citrus and tomatoes, can worsen irritation of the esophagus when they leach out with stomach acid. Carbonated beverages can similarly bubble up in the stomach, forcing open the valve. But researchers have discovered
that food isn’t the only trigger. Smoking poses a risk, because the nicotine
in cigarettes relaxes the LES. Consuming excessive amounts of alcohol may have a similar effect. Pregnant women often experience
more heartburn due to the pressure of a growing baby
on their stomachs. and the levels of certain hormones
in their bodies. Obesity can cause hernias that disrupt the anti-reflux barrier of
the gastroesophageal junction that normally protects
against heartburn. Numerous medications,
including those for asthma, high blood pressure, birth control,
and depression can also have unintended
effects on the LES. An occasional bout of heartburn isn’t necessarily something to worry about. But, if heartburn starts happening regularly, it can weaken the LES muscle over time, letting more and more acid escape. And if it goes untreated, this can cause bigger problems. Over time, constant acid
leakage from heartburn may form scar tissue which narrows the esophageal tube, making it
harder to swallow food. Ongoing reflux can also damage the cells lining the esophagus–a rare
condition called Barrett’s esophagus, which can elevate the risk of esophageal cancer. Luckily, heartburn is often treatable with a range of medicines that can help neutralize or reduce stomach acid. In extreme cases, some people have surgery to tighten the LES to
minimize their distress. But we can often stop heartburn before it reaches that point. Reducing the consumption
of certain foods, not smoking, and maintaining
a healthy weight can all dramatically reduce reflux. With proper care we can
help our LES’s keep the chemical fountain of
our stomachs in proper order and avoid having to feel the burn.


100 thoughts on “What causes heartburn? – Rusha Modi

  1. Huh. I once got terrible heartburn after sweeping(yes sweeping) for a long time as well as being jostled around, why would that make me have heartburn? Because I’ve never had it since

  2. 2:25 I need to show to my parents and is the scientific reason not to eat tomatoes

  3. I'm from India. I suffered from Heart Burn every alternate day. I cured it perfectly – My secret was using Garlic with all the Food i ate. Garlic has beneficial Acids that reduce Heartburn.

  4. also don't lie down too fast staight after you eat – like flopping down on bed right after eating a big mac or whatever

  5. I get it from huge amount of stress/depression/anxiety. I also get it from eating certain foods that my body doesn’t like (oats, rice, lemon, lime, whey). DK why my body hates them so much cause my stomach hurts and I get severe heart burn. I know my meds being stuck further down had triggered my reflux to the point where I almost threw up.

  6. In India elders always advise on not to eat too much or full stomach. The rule told is that you imagine three parts of your stomach and keep one part each for food, water and gas. Follow these and hopefully, you will be fine.

  7. I`d horribly suffered extreme acid reflux. I was a victim of a serious acid reflux problems and chest pains and 20 days since I have commenced implementing this acid reflux solution “Dοcuzu Rαkα” (Gοοgle it), my acid reflux was entirely cured! It’s all gone, the chest problems, the feeling of burning up, and also continuous burping. . .

  8. Me and my mom both have it I get heartburn multiple times a day like today I had three I gess episodes and have to constantly take medicine

  9. I have the same problem, what I did is I started eating less and remove soda drinks, but I still drink alcohol ocassionally, now a days I rarely feel heart burn. Just don't eat too much is my advice hehe

  10. I wonder why most Ted Ed health stuff talks about weight as the best preventative measure when thin people can have just as much if not more health issues. Not to mention, genetics do play a huge role in our health. Exercise and a healthy diet is great, but it’s not the end all be all for everyone.

  11. Anyone knows arnotts blueberry biscuits?
    I always had some kind of ache like slow burn going through my under throat slowly moving to my heart then the pain subdued after a while then repeats, every night after I ate that biscuits.

    I don't know if that kind of ache is considered heartburn.

  12. I learn far more from YouTube and internet than my doctors. They never bother explaining anything and are happy just dismissing me with prescription drugs.

  13. Just take 1 tablet morning and one before takes dinner OMPERAZOLE 20MG In 3 days problem solve
    Or take 2 piece of garlic eat in the empty stomach take 1 hour gapes in breakfast it's not easy garlic is hot like chilli but I try is 100% works

  14. Barrett's esophagus changes the lining of the lower esophagos to a slimey texture and the change increases cancer risk because the sudden change

  15. Can you explain what foods aren't good to it?? It's just that when I program or build some electronic stuff and generally put my brain into a lot of thinking, I eat because it consumes my energy quick (I'm not good with biology and chemistry)

  16. Can we update this to modern scienc÷? Particulay regarding the LES closing once proper PH levels are reached in the stomache. No mention of Heart Burns primary cause, hylpochloridia

  17. I'm one of the unlucky ones that treatment didn't respond..I had to have surgery because Barrett's esophagus was bad..The surgery changed my life..But it's not a permanent fix,most who get it will have to either have it repeated or go a different route after about 5-7yrs..

  18. What foods should we eat to help it

    And what foods should we avoid that weaken it,
    Don't leave us hanging man
    Spill that tea

  19. I have experimented with other procedures like traditional remedy and the modern prescriptions in dealing with my acid reflux disorder, bowel problems, and also leaking gut and none have been shown to be effective. The signs and symptoms of suffering and difficulties are generally vanished just by utilizing this heartburn treatment solution “Dοcuzu Rαkα” (Gοοgle it) I found.. .

  20. Due to this acid reflux disease treatment method “Dοcuzu Rαkα” (Gοοgle it), I managed to get over my digestive issues. There`s no problem in trying out this treatment solution. Who knows this may work on your digestion issues and also chronic acid reflux.. .

  21. My sister was suffering from Heartburn. She had difficulty in swallowing of food. She used various medicines got no relief from Heartburn. After getting upset with allopathic medicines, she started to use Acidity Care Pack of Planet Ayurveda for ayurvedic treatment of heartburn (acid reflux). After using Ayurvedic medicines she got relief from Heartburn.

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