What is Asthma? (The Sound of Wheezing)

By Adem Lewis / in , , , , , , , , , , , , , /

In a world of chronic lung diseases, there
stands asthma, estimated to affect 235 million people
worldwide. Hey what’s going on guys, this is SB, here
to talk to you all about asthma—what it is, what the symptoms are, how you diagnose
it, how to manage it. First off, if you have issues with my voiceover,
just click down below at the CC or closed captions so you can read along. Let’s talk about the thumbnail. The Sound of Wheezing. When we hear about asthma, we think about
difficulty breathing and wheezing. But—what is wheezing? It is a high pitched whistling sound heard
when you breathe—typically in someone who has narrowed airways. Listen to this… Now we got wheezing down, what is asthma? Asthma is a chronic condition usually characterized
by chronic airway inflammation. It can present with cough, chest tightness,
and difficulty breathing. In asthma, the airways are narrowed. Also important, the narrowed airways are partially
or completely relieved with asthma medications. The airways in people with asthma react to
a number of possible stimuli, ranging from illnesses such as the common cold, to exercise,
to inhalants, to food allergens, and to environmental conditions. During an asthma attack, the airways swell
and narrow. This makes it hard to breathe. Having an attack can be life threatening,
but this can be preventable if you keep it under control and treat the symptoms before
they worsen. Risk factors: A lot of things can increase the risk of developing
asthma, ranging from genetic, to infectious, to environmental factors. Specifically they can include: Viral infections. Pollution. Exposure to tobacco or cigarette smoking. Family history of asthma, allergies, or eczema. Stress. Symptoms of asthma can include: Wheezing or noisy breathing. Coughing. Chest tightness. Shortness of breath So what triggers an asthma attack? Environmental conditions–cold air, changes
in air pressure, rain or wind may cause increased asthma symptoms in certain people. Upper respiratory infections – Head and chest
colds are a common trigger of asthma. Exercise – breathlessness, wheezing, and/or
cough usually occur during the cool down period or even during exercise. Allergens and irritants- these may include:
a. pollens. b. House dust (which can include dust mites,
cockroaches, and mice droppings) c. and also Animal exposure (cats, etc). Diagnosis: Is there a test for asthma? YES. Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and
have you do a breathing test to see how your lungs are doing. A chest x-ray is sometimes done to rule out
other causes of cough or wheezing. How Is Asthma Treated? Asthma is treated with different types of
medicines. The medicines can be inhalers, nebulizers,
liquids or pills. Asthma medicines work in 1 of 2 ways: Quick-relief medicines- stop symptoms quickly-
like in 5 to 15 minutes. It includes a quick-relief inhaler, often
an albuterol inhaler, that you carry with you, and use whenever you have asthma symptoms. Most people need these medicines 1 or 2 times
a week, or less often. BUT WHEN ASTHMA GETS WORSE, more doses might
be needed. Some people can feel shaky after taking these
medicines. A few also need a machine called a “nebulizer”
to breathe in their medicine. Long-term controller medicines. These medications control asthma and prevent
future symptoms. These are “preventers or controllers”. People who get asthma symptoms more than 2
times a week need to use a controller medicine 1 or 2 times each day. Controller medicine is usually an inhaled
steroid. Take your controller medicine every day, NOT
JUST WHEN YOU HAVE SYMPTOMS. The goal is to prevent problems before they
happen. If your doctor prescribed corticosteroid pills
to use during an attack, take them as directed. They may take hours to work, but they may
shorten the attack and help you breathe better. It is important that you take all the medicines
the doctor prescribes, exactly how you are supposed to take them. You might not feel a medicine working, but
that does not mean that it is not helping you. Not taking your medicines correctly can cause
symptoms to get worse. If your symptoms get much worse all of a sudden,
you might even need to go to the hospital or ER for treatment. Your doctor might ask you to use a Peak Flow
Meter. Breathing into this device will show how your
lungs are working. When should you see a doctor? See your doctor if you have an asthma attack
and the symptoms do not improve or get worse after using a quick-relief medicine. IF THE SYMPTOMS ARE SEVERE, CALL FOR AN AMBULANCE. If you need asthma medicine every day, you
should see your doctor evert 6 months or more often. CAN ASTHMA SYMPTOMS BE PREVENTED? YES. Stay away from things that cause your symptoms
or make them worse, like what we talked about earlier. They are called “triggers”. Common triggers include:
Dust Mold
Certain animals, such as dogs, cats, mice and cockroach
Pollen. Stay indoors when possible during pollen season. Cigarette smoke- avoid places where people
smoke, if you smoke, get help to quit. Stress. LEARN WHAT TRIGGERS AN ASTHMA ATTACK FOR YOU. AVOID COLDS AND THE FLU. Get a pneumonia vaccine. Make sure you get a flu shot every year during
fall season. If you must be around people with colds, wash
your hands often. You may need to use quick-relief medicine
before and during exercise. Some adults with asthma have worse symptoms
if they take Aspirin or medicines called NSAIDS, which include ibuprofen and naproxen. REMEMBER: Keep your quick-relief medicine with you at
ALL TIMES. Call ambulance if you have severe trouble
YOU. Thank you guys again for listening. Really appreciate your time! Please please like and share if you liked
our video. And as always, be healthy!

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